Get a second opinion

Check insurance coverage

Get a cost estimate

EMI Calculator

What Is Vasectomy?

During a vasectomy, the male vas deferentia are cut and tied or sealed so as to prevent sperm from entering into the urethra, thereby preventing fertilization of a female through sexual intercourse. (The vasa deferentia are tubes that carry sperm from the testicles to the urethra, where it mixes with semen)

Vasectomy is a procedure that doesn't provide immediate protection against pregnancy. It is imperative to use an alternative form of birth control until it is confirmed by your doctor that there are no sperm in your semen. 

Also, post-vasectomy, you will need to wait for several months or longer and ejaculate 15 to 20 times or more to clear any sperm from your semen, before indulging in unprotected sex.

Vasectomy won't protect you or your partner from sexually transmitted infections.

Why Is Vasectomy Done?

It is done in men who do not wish to father a child in the future.

  • It’s almost 100% effective in preventing pregnancy.
  • It has a low risk of side effects or complications.
  • It is cheaper than female sterilization or the cost of birth control pills for women in the long run.
  • Also, vasectomy will end the need to take steps for birth control before having sex.

What Are The Risks Of Vasectomy?

Getting a vasectomy is usually really safe. But like all medical procedures, the risks associated could be temporary pain, bruising, and infection, which all get better in a couple of days. 

Very rarely, the cut ends of the vas deferens could grow back together, which would lead to a pregnancy.

A potential concern is that you might change your mind later about fathering a child. Reverse vasectomy is possible but does not guarantee desired results, is more complicated and even more expensive.

Side Effects Of Vasectomy

A vasectomy usually does not cause any side effects. Serious complications are rare. Still, possible side effects right after the surgery may include the following:

  • Blood in semen
  • Bruising of the scrotum
  • Blood clot (hematoma) or bleeding inside the scrotum
  • Infection at the surgery site
  • Swelling, mild pain/discomfort

Preparing For Surgery

Preparation for vasectomy involves:

Food and medications: You may be instructed to not take some specific medicines during the preparation phase. This includes nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and other blood-thinning medicines such as over-the-counter pain medicines. 

Clothing/personal items: You can bring an athletic supporter or a pair of tight-fitting underwear to wear post-procedure. This provides support to the scrotum and minimizes swelling.

Other precautions: Shower/bathe on the surgery day, wash the genital area thoroughly, and trim hair if required.

Do arrange for a ride back home, as driving can cause movement and pressure on the surgery area.

What Is The Pre-Surgery Procedure Of Vasectomy?

Your doctor will inform you of the procedure, recovery, possible complications, and the related dos and don'ts.

It is, however, advisable to inform your doctor of the medications you are already on, to know if they can be of any critical issue during the surgery.

During the initial appointments, the doctor also discusses with you the permanency of vasectomy, whether you have children, your partner’s opinion about the decision, and other birth control methods available.

What Are The Types Of Vasectomy Procedures?

The two procedures are as follows:

No-Scalpel Procedure

In no-scalpel vasectomy (NSV), a sharp instrument is used to make a small puncture/opening in the scrotum.

Gently through this puncture, the vasa deferentia are pulled out and cut. The cut ends are then sealed, clipped, tied, or stitched. The vasa deferentia are then placed back in the normal position.

The benefits of NSV are it can be done more quickly than a conventional vasectomy and requires no sutures to close up incisions. Though, surgical glue or stitches might be used to seal the openings. 

 A no-scalpel vasectomy therefore also means less pain and bleeding.

Conventional Vasectomy

In a conventional vasectomy surgery, an incision is made in the upper portion of the scrotum to reach the vas deferens. The incision is made on both sides of the scrotum. 

The vasa deferentia are pulled out gently and cut, and either end is clipped, stitched, sealed with heat (cauterizing), or tied. A combination of methods may also be used for sealing the vas deferens.

The wound too is closed with surgical glue or stitches.

What Are The Differences Between The No-Scalpel And Conventional Vasectomy?

The no-scalpel treatment is promising of -

Less pain, bleeding, bruising, and infection

The no-scalpel procedure uses a needle to perform the procedure (no incisions involved) and therefore there is less pain, minimal bleeding (during the procedure), bruising, or infection.

Faster recovery

Men can return to work fairly quickly (mostly between 2-5 days) after a no-scalpel procedure, whereas the conventional method takes time to allow the incisions to completely heal.

Moreover, NSV is less invasive, more common, doesn’t need sutures, and carries less risk of hematoma (blood collection in tissues). 

However, the two procedure types are similar in ways that they both take 20-30 minutes to complete and allow same-day discharge. 

No-scalpel vasectomy Vs Conventional (Traditional Vasectomy)


No-scalpel vasectomy

Conventional Vasectomy


20-30 minutes

20-30 minutes


Same day 

Same day


Less invasive

More invasive


Not needed



Minimal bleeding during the procedure

More bleeding during the procedure


Less swelling and bruising, faster healing

More soreness, bruising and swelling lasting longer

Infection risk

Less risk of hematoma and infection

More risk of hematoma and infection

Time required to resume activities

Fairly quickly

Time is needed

Recovery time

A few days

At least a week


More common

Less common


How Is It Post-Vasectomy?

  • Vasectomy is an outpatient procedure and the patient can return home on the same day of the surgery.
  • It is advisable to wear loose and comfortable clothing. However, tight-fitting underwear is suggested for around two days along with a bandage for support to the scrotum. 
  • Temporary pain and discomfort are common.
  • Doctors advise applying an ice pack to the scrotum for the first two days after surgery.
  • You should not undertake strenuous activities and start with lighter ones in the initial days. Avoid sports and lifting heavyweight for a couple of weeks to prevent pain/bleeding inside your scrotum.
  • Avoid sexual activity for at least a week post-surgery.

You should call the doctor right away in the following scenarios:

  • Complications like blood oozing from the surgery site.
  • Running a temperature above 100.4 F.
  • Redness in the surgical area.
  • Worsening pain/swelling.


A vasectomy, as mentioned in the beginning, is not an immediate protection against pregnancy. You should even apply other forms of protection to prevent any sexually transmitted infection. After 6-12 weeks post-surgery, your doctor will examine your semen sample to ensure there is no sperm in it.

Why Choose Medfin?

Surgery can be a daunting aspect, and feeling anxious is absolutely normal. The massive amount of information you can get from the internet may confuse you even more. This is where Medfin can help. Leave us the hefty tasks of finding the best hospital, the finest doctor, and the latest procedure at the lowest costs. Let us take charge while you sit back and focus on your health & recovery. Think surgery! Think Medfin

Frequently Asked Questions

Medfin offers the latest surgical procedures to ensure that you recover as fast as possible in the least painful way possible.

The main post-operative risk is with bleeding in the first 6-12 hours, you will be given a prescription for pain medication on the day of your procedure. Preferably apply an ice pack to the scrotum that will help reduce the swelling in the first one or two days.

In a couple of days, you should be able to get do normal activities without difficulty, but avoid vigorous exercise, bike riding for a week. Within 2-3 days, you will be able to return to work. 

The risks of vasectomy are bleeding, infection, inflammation and chronic pain. Vasectomy does not have a major consequence on a man's long-term health.

Birth control methods need to be taken by patients during intercourse until their doctor tests the semen and confirms there are no more sperm present.

Vasectomy is meant to be permanent. The chances of a successful vasectomy reversal vary a great deal. Although possible, vasectomy reversal is an expensive process and harder to carry out.

View All

The power of Medfin in patients' words


Got to know about them from my friend. They got an appointment for only 299. Once the doctor confirmed that I needed the surgery they got me a fixed cost which included ALL the costs. No extra amounts were charged. Thank you Medfin

Suresh Menon
Recommended our service

After my consultation with the doctor, MEDFIN representative got me a fixed package cost that included my mothers initial tests, surgery cost. They also gave me stockings free for Rs. 3000 post the surgery. They kept up their promise they made

Radhika Iyer
Recommended our service

Thank you Medfin. They ensured the whole process from selecting a very experienced doctor to offering the latest procedure at a very reasonable price. They also arranged a follow up post my surgery with the doctor to ensure my recovery was on track. Thank you for being there throughout

Deepa Shree
Recommended our service

Why choose Medfin

dots why_medfin

Booking completed

05:30 PM, Wed
  • 01

    Latest procedures

    Suspendisse dapibus id varius velit morbi ipsum. Vitae interdum

  • 02

    Experts doctors

    Suspendisse dapibus id varius velit morbi ipsum. Vitae interdum

  • 03

    Savings upto 50%

    Suspendisse dapibus id varius velit morbi ipsum. Vitae interdum

  • 04

    Advanced technology

    Suspendisse dapibus id varius velit morbi ipsum. Vitae interdum


Think Surgery, Think Medfin.

Medfin has taken the latest medical technologies to ensure consistent quality of advanced surgical care in 45+ cities of India including:

Request a call back

Know more about latest day-care surgeries from a Medfin Expert