During a vasectomy, the male vas deferentia are cut and tied or sealed so as to prevent sperm from entering into the urethra, thereby preventing fertilization of a female through sexual intercourse. (The vasa deferentia are tubes that carry sperm from the testicles to the urethra, where it mixes with semen)
Vasectomy is a procedure that doesn't provide immediate protection against pregnancy. It is imperative to use an alternative form of birth control until it is confirmed by your doctor that there are no sperm in your semen.
Also, post-vasectomy, you will need to wait for several months or longer and ejaculate 15 to 20 times or more to clear any sperm from your semen, before indulging in unprotected sex.
Vasectomy won't protect you or your partner from sexually transmitted infections.
It is done in men who do not wish to father a child in the future.
Preparing for a vasectomy involves a few important steps to ensure the procedure goes smoothly and to facilitate a comfortable recovery. Here are some guidelines on how to prepare for a vasectomy:
By preparing appropriately, you can help ensure a smooth vasectomy procedure and facilitate a comfortable recovery.
The two procedures are as follows:
In no-scalpel vasectomy (NSV), a sharp instrument is used to make a small puncture/opening in the scrotum.
Gently through this puncture, the vasa deferentia are pulled out and cut. The cut ends are then sealed, clipped, tied, or stitched. The vasa deferentia are then placed back in the normal position.
The benefits of NSV are it can be done more quickly than a conventional vasectomy and requires no sutures to close up incisions. Though, surgical glue or stitches might be used to seal the openings. A no-scalpel vasectomy therefore also means less pain and bleeding.
In a conventional vasectomy surgery, an incision is made in the upper portion of the scrotum to reach the vas deferens. The incision is made on both sides of the scrotum.
The vasa deferentia are pulled out gently and cut, and either end is clipped, stitched, sealed with heat (cauterizing), or tied. A combination of methods may also be used for sealing the vas deferens. The wound too is closed with surgical glue or stitches.
A vasectomy is a surgical procedure that involves the cutting or sealing of the vas deferens, the tubes that carry sperm from the testicles to the urethra. By blocking the vas deferens, sperm cannot mix with semen and therefore cannot fertilize an egg during sexual intercourse. Here is a general overview of how a vasectomy is performed:
1. Cutting and Tying: The urologist cuts a small section of the vas deferens and ties off each end with sutures or clips. This prevents the two ends from rejoining.
2. Cauterization: Heat may be used to seal the ends of the vas deferens. This can be done through a process called cauterization or electrocauterization, which uses an electric current to burn and seal the tubes.
3. Blocking with Clips or Rings: Small clips or silicone rings may be placed around the vas deferens to block the flow of sperm.
The entire vasectomy procedure typically takes about 30 minutes to an hour, depending on the technique used and individual factors. It is considered a relatively minor surgical procedure with a low risk of complications.
After undergoing a vasectomy surgery, it's normal to experience some discomfort and changes in the scrotal area. Here's what you can generally expect during the recovery period:
Remember that individual experiences may vary, and it's important to follow the specific post-operative instructions provided by your urologist.
You should call the doctor right away in the following scenarios:
Here is an overview of the benefits and risks associated with vasectomy:
It's crucial to have an open and thorough discussion with a qualified healthcare professional to understand the benefits and risks of vasectomy in your specific situation.
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Birth control methods need to be taken by patients during intercourse until their doctor tests the semen and confirms there are no more sperm present.
Not always. Reversal procedures are there, but they do not always work, are way too much expensive, and are even more complicated. As per reports, only about 55% of partners have become pregnant post-vasectomy reversal.
Vasectomy is meant to be permanent. The chances of a successful vasectomy reversal vary a great deal. Although possible, vasectomy reversal is an expensive process and harder to carry out.
The risk of injury to the parts of your reproductive system (such as testicles and penis) during surgery is very little. It is only in extremely rare cases that blood supply leads to the loss of a testicle.
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