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Procedure Name Sinus Surgery


Surgery Type Minimally Invasive


Hospital Stay Nil (Outpatient)


Duration of Surgery 1 to 2 Hours


Type of Anaesthesia Local Anesthesia/ General Anesthesia


Full Recovery 6-8 Weeks


Sinus surgery is a procedure aimed at relieving sinusitis rectifying sinus abnormalities or eliminating any obstructions. Typically performed using an endoscope, the surgery entails the insertion of the device, into the nostrils to assist in removing blockages or fixing issues. This helps enhance sinus drainage and lowers the chances of infection.

What is Meant by Sinus Surgery?

Sinus surgery involves medical procedures de­signed to enhance sinus drainage­ and functionality. This typically addresses chronic sinusitis or structural abnormalities. In mode­rn practice, surgeons often perform endoscopic procedures using a spe­cialized instrument called an e­ndoscope, which is inserted through the nostrils. This minimally invasive approach enables the removal of obstructions such as polyps and the correction of structural problems without e­xternal incisions. Ultimately, sinus surge­ry aims to alleviate symptoms, reduce recurrent infections, and improve breathing.

When is Sinus Surgery Recommended?

If less invasive­ treatments fail to provide re­lief for chronic or severe sinus-related issues, the­n sinus surgery may be recommended. Some indications for sinus surgery include:

  • Chronic Sinusitis: Persistent inflammation of the sinuses lasting 12 weeks or more, despite medical treatment.
  • Nasal Polyps: Growths within the sinuses or nasal passages that obstruct airflow or drainage.
  • Sinus Infections: Recurrent or severe infections not responsive to antibiotics.
  • Structural Abnormalities: Deviated nasal septum, concha bullosa, or other anatomical issues causing obstruction or recurrent sinus problems.
  • Sinus Tumors: Benign or malignant growths.
  • Fungal Sinus Infections: Particularly those that are invasive or don't respond to medication.
  • Nasal Obstruction: Difficulty breathing through the nose due to structural issues.
  • Complications from Previous Surgery: Such as excessive scar tissue or persisting issues.
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid Leaks: Rare cases where there's a connection between the sinus and the brain.
  • Orbital Complications: Problems that arise from sinus infections spreading to the eye area.

How to Prepare for Sinus Surgery?

Before undergoing sinus surgery, there are several important steps to consider to ensure safety, achieve optimal results, and minimize potential complications. Here is a general overvie­w of what to expect:

1. Medical Evaluation: 

  • Before your surgery, your surgeon or primary care physician may request blood tests, EKGs, or other examinations to evaluate and confirm your overall health. This is done to ensure that you are medically suitable for the procedure.

2. Medications:

  • Discuss all medications, supplements, and over-the-counter drugs you take with your surgeon.
  • You might need to stop or adjust certain medications, especially blood thinners, NSAIDs, or certain herbal supplements that can increase bleeding risk.
  • Avoid aspirin or products containing aspirin for two weeks before surgery unless directed otherwise.

3. Allergies: inform your anesthetist and surgeon if you have any known allergies, especially to medicines.

4. Pre-operative Instructions: These can include:

  • Typical fasting rules state that nothing should be consumed after midnight on the night before surgery.
  • Guidelines for washing or bathing the surgery area.
  • Advice on what to wear on the day of operation (generally advised is loose, comfortable attire).

5. Make a plan:

  • Make arrangements for transportation home after the procedure because you could feel sleepy from the anesthesia.
  • Create a recuperation room at home with the required tools, including ice packs, painkillers, and, if advised, saline solution for nasal irrigation.
  • Think about making simple meals in advance.

6. Smoking: If you smoke, attempt to give it up or at least cut back before the procedure. Smoking might hinder the healing process.

7. Avoid Alcohol: For at least 48 hours before surgery, abstain from drinking alcohol.

Follow these or other instructions provided by your healthcare provider in order to take the procedure forward smoothly.

How is Sinus Surgery Performed?

The goal of sinus surgery is to enhance nasal outflow and clear congested sinuses. The treatment has changed greatly over the years, and endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) is now the most often utilized method. Here is a brief description of the procedure:

1. Anesthesia:

  • Usually, the patient receives general anesthesia, which renders them asleep during the treatment. Local anesthesia combined with sedation, however, could be employed in some circumstances

2. Insertion of the Endoscope:

  • A thin, flexible instrument called an endoscope is inserted into the nostrils. This instrument is equipped with a light and a camera, allowing the surgeon to visualize the internal structures of the nasal passages and sinuses.

3. Identifying and Eliminating:

  • The surgeon locates blockages, such as polyps, scar tissue, or other growths, using the endoscope's live vision.
  • The endoscope is then used with specialized surgical tools to remove these blockages.

4. Correction of Structural Issues: 

  • The surgeon may make adjustments during the procedure if there are structural issues, such as a deviated septum.

5. Sinus Ostia Enlargement: 

  • To improve drainage, the natural apertures (ostia) of the sinuses may be increased.

6. Cleaning the Sinuses:

  •  To get rid of mucus, pus, or any remaining sick tissue, the sinuses can be irrigated or cleaned out.

7. Closure:

  • Most of the time, no exterior incisions are created, hence no sutures are needed. Dissolvable sutures or specialized packing may be utilized if any internal changes are required.

Once the procedure is completed you will be taken to a recovery room and your vitals will be monitored until you are stable. Let’s understand the recovery process in detail.

Recovery and Aftercare

The greatest results from sinus surgery depend greatly on recovery and aftercare. Careful attention guarantees proper recovery and reduces problems. An outline of the healing process and suggestions for aftercare is provided below:

1. Immediate Post-Operative Period: 

  • Following the procedure, patients are watched in a recovery room until the anesthetic effects wear off.
  • It's typical to feel sleepy, suffer minor bleeding or nasal discharge, or have a sore throat (from intubation, if a general anesthesia was used).

2. Nasal Packing: 

  • Nasal packing is sometimes used by surgeons to stop excessive bleeding and speed up the healing process. Even though dissolvable materials are now frequently utilized, these may need to be removed a few days after surgery.

3. Pain control:

  • Some discomfort, sometimes characterized as a dull aching or pressure, is to be expected. As instructed by the surgeon, you can use over-the-counter painkillers or prescription painkillers. Without a prescription, never use aspirin or NSAIDs as they might increase the risk of bleeding.

4. Irrigating the nose:

  • It is usually advised to use saline irrigations or rinses to assist in cleaning and moisturizing the nasal passages. They help to get rid of crusts, mucous, and blood clots.

5. Avoid Strenuous Activities:

  • For the first few days or as the surgeon directs, refrain from strenuous exercise, heavy lifting, and bending over.

6. Nasal obstruction:

  • It's typical to experience nasal obstruction or congestion after surgery owing to swelling. It will get better over the next several days to weeks.

7. Do not blow your nose:

  • It is normally suggested not to blow one's nose for the first week or two following surgery to avoid disturbing the healing areas.

Following these instructions and any additional measures that are mentioned by your doctor will help you have a smooth recovery and avoid any complications.

Are There Any Complications Associated with Sinus Surgery?

Yes, sinus surgery involves possible risks, just like any surgical procedure. Even though these risks have been considerably decreased by contemporary endoscopic methods, problems can still happen. The following are some potential side effects of sinus surgery:

  • Bleeding: After surgery, particularly in the first few days, some bleeding is normal. Although uncommon, excessive bleeding is possible.
  • Infection: Even if the sinus is cleansed before surgery, postoperative infection is always a possibility.
  • Scarring: In the nasal passageways, scar tissue may form, which might cause obstructions or call for further treatments.
  • Vision Issues: Although extremely rare, eye or optic nerve damage can happen and cause double vision, blindness, or other visual issues.
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF) Leak: The sinuses are situated near the brain and may leak cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). A CSF leak might result from an inadvertent break of the wall between them. This issue is uncommon but quite dangerous.
  • Meningitis: Meningitis is an uncommon side effect that can happen if an infection spreads to the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord, or meninges.
  • Nasal Obstruction: An obstruction in the nose canal can be brought on by swelling, scar tissue, or the reappearance of polyps.
  • Altered Sense of Smell: It is possible, but unlikely, that following surgery, one's sense of smell may be diminished or altered.
  • Nasal Septal Perforation: A hole that develops in the nasal septum can cause consequences including crusting, bleeding, or breathing problems. This condition is known as nasal septal perforation.


The transformative impact of sinus surgery goes beyond just physical improvements; it can significantly enhance the overall quality of life by providing relief from chronic sinusitis, breathing difficulties, and other related symptoms. As we conclude, it is evident that sinus surgery is a testament to medical progress and the positive change it can bring to the lives of those seeking lasting solutions for their sinus issues. 

Why Choose Medfin?

Surgery can be a daunting aspect, and feeling anxious is absolutely normal. The massive amount of information you can get from the internet may confuse you even more. This is where Medfin can help. Leave us the hefty task of finding the best hospital, the finest doctor, and the latest procedure at the lowest cost. Let us take charge while you sit back and focus on your health and recovery. Think surgery! Think Medfin! 

Frequently Asked Questions

Medfin offers the latest surgical procedures to ensure that you recover as fast as possible in the least painful way possible.

The duration can vary, but most endoscopic sinus surgeries last between 1 to 2 hours, depending on the complexity and the specific issues being addressed.

Typically, the first follow-up is within a week of the surgery, with subsequent visits spaced out more. The exact frequency depends on the surgeon's assessment of the healing process.

While many patients experience long-lasting relief, it's not always a permanent solution. Some may require further treatments or even repeat surgeries, especially if polyps or other obstructions recur.

The primary goal of a sinus surgery is to clear obstructions in the sinuses, allowing for better drainage, reduced infections, and alleviation of symptoms like pain and congestion.

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The power of Medfin in Patient’s words


Got to know about them from my friend. They got an appointment for only 299. Once the doctor confirmed that I needed the surgery they got me a fixed cost which included ALL the costs. No extra amounts were charged. Thank you Medfin

Suresh Menon
Recommended our service

After my consultation with the doctor, MEDFIN representative got me a fixed package cost that included my mothers initial tests, surgery cost. They also gave me stockings free for Rs. 3000 post the surgery. They kept up their promise they made

Radhika Iyer
Recommended our service

Thank you Medfin. They ensured the whole process from selecting a very experienced doctor to offering the latest procedure at a very reasonable price. They also arranged a follow up post my surgery with the doctor to ensure my recovery was on track. Thank you for being there throughout

Deepa Shree
Recommended our service

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