Varicose veins and spider veins are common conditions affecting the veins. In both conditions, the backflow of the blood is slowed down due to a condition known as ‘venous reflux.’ The resultant pooling of blood causes the veins to become dilated and appear as bluish-black or purple lines on the skin's surface. Gradually, the vein valves get completely damaged, a condition is known as ‘venous insufficiency’. The veins get increasingly dilated and appear as hard, knotty bulges on the skin.
Varicose veins mainly affect the deep veins of the legs. Spider veins affect the superficial veins and are not restricted to the legs. Varicose veins and spider veins can be a source of great discomfort. The affected veins look unappealing, and painful, and itch a lot.
Sclerotherapy is the first-line treatment option for varicose veins and spider veins. This procedure involves using a chemical solution known as the sclerosant. This chemical is injected into the damaged vein. The reaction to the chemical causes the veins to swell. Swelling leads to the cutting off of the blood supply to the veins, which makes the veins collapse and die. The blood passing through these veins is re-routed to nearby healthier veins.
Once the procedure is complete, you will feel relief from symptoms. The visible effects take 2 to 3 weeks to show. The larger veins may take 2 to 3 months to show results.
Sclerotherapy is done as an outpatient procedure in the doctor’s office. The treated veins do not come back after the surgery, but you may develop new varicose veins requiring further treatment.
Sclerotherapy is recommended primarily for people with chronic varicose veins and spider veins. Doctors may also recommend sclerotherapy to you if you suffer from the following conditions-
Sclerotherapy is not suitable for everyone. There are certain conditions where this form of treatment is not recommended.
Sclerotherapy takes place in your doctor’s office. It is a procedure that is completed in 15 to 30 minutes and does not require anesthesia. Preparing for sclerotherapy involves the following-
Sclerotherapy usually takes 15 to 30 minutes to get completed. But the exact amount of time depends on the number of veins being treated and the size of the area. Here is what will happen to you during the procedure.
Once the procedure is done, you will be advised to walk about and be active from the same day. This promotes blood flow to the treated site and also prevents the formation of blood clots. Once the procedure is complete, you will feel relief in symptoms. The visible effects take 2 to 3 weeks to show. The larger veins may take 2 to 3 months to show results.
You will be sent home with a comprehensive list of Here is what you can expect once you go home after the procedure-
Sclerotherapy is the first line of treatment for people with chronic varicose veins. As with all procedures, sclerotherapy too comes with its benefits and risks.
Benefits Of Sclerotherapy
Risks Of Sclerotherapy
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You can go home immediately after the procedure. You will be encouraged to walk and be active immediately after the surgery. However, the bruising and the discomfort may take about 48 hours to subside. The symptoms of the varicose veins will be relieved quickly, but the collapsed veins will take about 2 to 3 months to disappear from the skin's surface. If the procedure was done on several veins, then the time process would take even longer.
Sclerotherapy involves injecting the vein with a fine needle for the sclerosant to enter the vein. This may be done multiple times depending on the size of the area to be treated. Every time the needle pricks your skin, you may feel a mild pulling sensation. The chemical used in the sclerosant may cause discomfort and itching in the treated area.
Sclerotherapy is not advised in the following cases-
The side effects of sclerotherapy involve-
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