Cystectomy is a procedure performed to remove ovarian cysts that could be painful or also hinder fertility, making it difficult for the patient to conceive.
There are also chances the cyst might burst or turn cancerous and that makes this condition severe and needs to be treated well in time.
Laparoscopic Ovarian Cystectomy is practiced if -
The patient has cysts in one or both ovaries.
An ovarian cyst that is painful and has not shrunk for a couple of months.
A cyst that appears larger than 3 inches.
A malignant or abnormal formation.
In the case of ovarian cancer.
The additional conditions that make your doctor recommend a laparoscopic Cystectomy are -
The patient has opted for birth control measures.
In the case of teenagers who have not started a period yet.
A patient in the post-menopause phase.
The doctor advises the patient to –
Remain empty stomach 8-10 hours before the surgery.
Inform the doctor of any blood-thinning or other medications is taken.
Reaction or allergies to anesthesia should be reported well in advance.
If a woman is pregnant, she should be informed by the doctor in advance.
The patient is given local or general anesthesia, before the procedure.
During the laparoscopic process which is a less invasive process, three to four incisions are made in the patient's abdomen.
Carbon dioxide gas is passed through the incision to inflate the abdomen so that the doctor has enough space and better visibility in working.
Through one of the incisions, a slender tube is inserted. This tube has a small lighted camera at one end. This camera captures the visuals which are presented on a screen.
The doctor with the aid of the screen performs a guided surgery. Surgical devices are introduced through the other incisions.
The cyst is then removed through these incisions and also any other mass that is foreign to the abdomen.
Once the cyst is removed the incisions are sutured back.
Some of the risks associated with Ovarian Cystectomy are -
Ovarian cysts that recur.
Pelvic pain still might not reduce.
Infections may develop.
Scar tissue binds the pelvic organs together.
Injury to the bowel, bladder, or other pelvic organs.
Post-surgery the patient will be asked to stay overnight in the hospital under observation.
The patient will be asked to walk with support after the operation, to avoid the formation of blood clots in the legs.
Yes, this surgery is performed in one session. Sometimes the doctor may advise removing the ovary affected by the pathology through a procedure called oophorectomy.
Yes, it is a minimally invasive procedure that requires smaller incisions as compared to the traditional method. It is recommended to consult with your physician if this is the right option for you, considering your health condition.
One must take care and visit the doctor on noticing the following alarming signs after this surgery which may be indicative of an infection or other complication:
Severe stomach pains
Discharge, redness, or swelling, from the operated site wound.
Smelly Vaginal discharge
This procedure requires smaller incisions, hence contributes to lesser scarring after surgery.
Also, the recovery time required will be lesser as compared to traditional cystectomy surgery. Some of the other advantages are -
Less risk of infections.
Fewer side effects.
Shorter stay in the hospital.
Less Pain and discomfort.
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