Pilonidal sinus is a condition in which a small pouch containing infected fluid (like pus) occurs near the tailbone region of the lower back (just above the cleft that separates the buttocks).
As the infection progresses, it may develop into a cyst or an abscess. These are seen quite often in those who have jobs that are more sedentary in nature.
The specific cause of a pilonidal sinus is not known. It is believed to arise due to a mixture of different factors like abnormal and excessive hair growth, hormonal imbalance, and external factors like constant sitting habits.
A person who has a sedentary lifestyle and job (like clerks and taxi drivers that sit for long periods of time) are more likely to develop this because of the constant friction due to chaffing or contact of clothes to the skin in the tailbone region.
This stimulates new hair to grow. The hair might abnormally penetrate the skin and trigger the immune system to fight against it, causing the development of a sinus or cyst.
The following are a few risk factors for developing a pilonidal sinus /cyst:
The pilonidal sinus may appear like a small dent initially at the tail bone region of the lower back above the cleft separating the buttocks.
On stimulus by either hormonal imbalance or external triggers, the region may become infected to develop further into a cyst or an abscess. This may appear as:
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