A hernia is a condition where an organ forces through an opening in the muscle or connective tissue which is responsible for holding it in place. This is not a life-threatening condition but needs medical/surgical intervention to prevent complications.
More often than not, a hernia takes place between the chest and the stomach, but can also occur in areas like the abdomen and uterus of an individual. In these cases, hernia diagnosis needs to be provided immediately.
Consistent pressure and muscle weakness in a particular area of the body contribute to the formation of hernia. They may develop rapidly or over a long period, determined by their causative factors.
The most common hernia causes are:
The associated risk factors:
Most hernias do not cause any significant symptoms and you might not even know that you have one. It may be diagnosed during a routine medical examination for some other ailment until which time it stays undetected. It is common to see hernia in men, women and children. As soon as any hernia symptoms are detected, you should consult your doctor before it's too late.
Your medical professional will be able to diagnose the type of hernia in females, men and children. Accordingly, a hernia treatment can be administered based on the symptoms you detect.
This is the most common type of hernia seen more frequently in males than in females.
In males the inguinal canal is a pathway for the spermatic cord and blood vessels which leads to the testicles and in women, the inguinal canal has the round ligament which supports the uterus.
In this type of hernia, the fatty tissue or a part of the intestine protrudes into the groin.
The symptoms of inguinal hernia are :
Here the bulge or the swelling is seen in the groin and affects older women.Umbilical Hernia:
Here, the swelling is seen through the belly button (umbilicus, navel). This is a common type of hernia in children.
If you’re noticing hernia umbilical symptoms in your kids, ensure they’re undergoing the hernia umbilical surgery on an immediate basis to reduce the pain.Hiatal or diaphragmatic Hernia:
In this hernia, a part of the stomach will be pushed into the chest cavity through an opening in the diaphragm (the horizontal sheet of muscle that separates the chest from the abdomen).
It is commonly seen in older patients( >50 years and in obese patients).
The symptoms of a hiatal hernia will be different and more specific. The lump formed here pushes through the diaphragm, causing chest pain, trouble swallowing, and heartburn.Incisional Hernia:
Here the tissue protrudes through the site of an abdominal scar from a previous or old abdominal or pelvic operation.Epigastric Hernia:
In this type, the fatty tissue protrudes through the abdominal area between the navel and lower part of the sternum (breastbone)Spigelian Hernia:
Here the intestine pushes through the abdomen at the side of the abdominal muscle, below the navel.
Depending on the type of your condition, take an estimate of the hernia operation cost prior to the diagnosis from the expert doctors at MedFin
Our expert doctors will help you identify course of surgical treatment required. Medfin's team will help you with the required appointments and diagnostics.
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