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One of the most common complications that are associated with stone surgery is an infection of the urethra or bladder, called a urinary tract infection (UTI).

UTIs may affect approximately one in ten people who undergo bladder surgery.

This can generally be cured with antibiotics.

Other potential complications include-

  • Bladder spasms

  • Blood loss

  • Blood clots

  • Nerve damage 

  • Overactive bladder

  • Allergic reactions to anaesthesia 

After undergoing a percutaneous suprapubic cystolitholapaxy, or transurethral cystolitholapaxy you will require a hospital stay for a few days for recovery.

If you have undergone an open cystostomy, it might take several days to get discharged.

As bladder stones are caused due to a range of medical illnesses, there are no such specific ways or methods that can prevent their formation. However, if an individual is experiencing any odd urinary symptoms such as discoloration, pain, or blood then seeking a medical opinion earlier is advisable. 

Drinking plenty of fluids regularly may also help to break down any stones that are developing.

Some people having urinary tract infections often feel that some urine is still left in the bladder after urinating.

In such cases, it is suggested to try urinating again ten to twenty seconds after the first attempt. This is known as "double voiding". This will help in preventing bladder stone formation.

Some research and studies have found that if you are suffering from an enlarged prostate condition then sitting down for urination will be helpful to ensure that the bladder is completely emptied. Besides, this will prevent the buildup of bladder stones.

Bladder stones are more likely to be seen in males who are 50 or above age.

Some conditions that can increase the risk of bladder stones include,


An obstruction

Any condition or circumstance that is blocking the urination flow from the bladder to the urethra (the tube that passes the urine out of your body) may cause the formation of bladder stones. There are various reasons for this, but the most common is prostate enlargement.


Nerve damage

Spinal cord injuries, stroke, diabetes, a herniated disk, Parkinson's disease, and other issues can injure the nerve that regulates the function of the bladder.

It's possible to have a condition obstructing the bladder outlet and nerve damage. This having together may increase the risk of bladder stones.

Bladder stones that are difficult to pass can create severe complications such as chronic bladder problems. Untreated bladder stones will lead to long-term urinary problems such as frequent urination or pain while urinating. Bladder stones can also block urine flow. Urinary tract Infection - repetitive bacterial infections are the result of bladder stones.

No, some people with bladder stones do have kidney stones, while others do not.

Children can have this condition, especially those who underwent bladder augmentation surgeries for treating congenital abnormalities.

When a stone remains in the bladder for a long time, it may result in chronic irritation of the bladder’s inner lining. This can then cause cancer.

Surgery is usually used for treating them. However, uric acid stones can be dissolved by alkalizing urine with potassium citrate. Infections need to be treated with antibiotics.

A urologist treats bladder stones.

They can lead to several complications including infections.

You can do so by drinking plenty of water, which should be at least 8 glasses. You should also ensure that you seek immediate treatment for UTI or urinary tract infection symptoms and all other urinary tract conditions.

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