Laparascopic Appendectomy is a surgical procedure to remove appendicitis, an inflammatory condition of the appendix.
Appendix is a small tube-shaped sac attached to the lower side of the large intestine on the right side of the abdomen. However, the body can sustain without an appendix.
Appendix is usually a dormant part of the body. But, when it becomes inflamed, it fills with bacteria and puss, which can cause severe pain near the belly button which radiates to the lower right side of the abdomen.
This is a crucial time and needs immediate attention. Walking and coughing might intensify the pain and the patient might feel discomfort with nausea, vomiting and diarrhoea.
Leaving the appendix interested at this stage might result in the appendix bursting, releasing the pus and bacteria in the abdominal cavity. This situation can be life threatening.
Appendectomy is the standard procedure for removing the appendix. It is a critical surgery that cannot be delayed once the symptoms are evident.
Once the surgery is done, the patients recover quickly and with very less complications.
Avoid eating 8-10 hours before the surgery.
Inform your doctor about any medications you are already taking.
Inform the doctor if you are pregnant.
If you are allergic to anaesthesia.
If you are on blood thinning medication or have a history of bleeding disorder.
The patient on a case to case basis might be given general or local anaesthesia.
The laparoscopic Appendectomy is carried out with minimum invasion. Three or four incisions are done in the abdomen and through them different surgical instruments are passed.
First of all, a narrow tube called cannula is inserted to ill the abdomen with carbon dioxide gas. The gas inflates the abdomen therefore giving a better view of the organs inside.
The next instrument used is a laparoscope, a narrow tube with a high intensity light camera at one end. The camera captures the images of the abdomen and the organs and helps the surgeon with image guided procedure.
The appendix is thus located and removed with minimum activity, such that it does not burst. In case the appendix has already burst, it is safely removed and the abdominal cavity is thoroughly cleaned to avoid any further infections.
Laparoscopic appendectomy is ideal for elderly as well as overweight patients, because it is promising of faster recovery.
Once the procedure is completed, the incisions are stitched and bandaged. The appendix is then sent for further tests.
Post-surgery the patient is shifted to the recovery room where vital signs such as heart rate and blood pressure are monitored.
Once the patient stabilises, they will be shifted to the hospital room. In certain cases, this can be an outpatient procedure where the patient leaves the hospital directly from the recovery room.
The doctor will prescribe you medicines along with pain killers.
There might be a thin plastic tube that is injected from the patient’s nose to the stomach during surgery for draining stomach fluids and air. This tube will be removed before the patient is discharged for home.
The patient will be asked to walk with support after surgery, to avoid forming blood clots in the legs.
The diet will be preferably liquid which overtime is changed to solids.
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