It is a gland in the male reproductive system, which is muscular in nature. It is positioned around the urethra and is responsible for making most of the fluid in the semen.
The muscular action of this gland is responsible to propel the semen through the urethra during the climax.
With aging in men, practically half of all the male population develop an enlargement of the prostate by the age of 50 years.
However, it will be termed as BPH, with symptoms such as incontinence (urinary urgency) results. Prostate enlargement is medically termed as Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)/ Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy.
Hyperplasia is an abnormal multiplication of cells. BPH is a condition that resulted from the multiplication of cells of the prostate gland, thereby increasing its size.
The result is it compresses the urethra it surrounds and impedes the regular flow of urine. BPH is not equivalent to prostate cancer and neither does it contribute to the risk of cancer.
BPH affects the lifestyle of the individual developing the condition, because of its symptoms, but is not a life-threatening condition.
BPH generally begins with mild symptoms. The intensity of the symptoms may vary from person to person. The general trend is, from mild to worse over a period of time.
If the symptoms are neglected; the most severe cases report kidney failure. There are no specific predisposing factors determining one's proneness to BPH.
Some men may have severe symptoms with little enlargement, while others may have substantial enlargement of the prostate with mild symptoms.
In some cases, it has been observed that symptoms stabilize and may even improve gradually with time.
What are the uncommon symptoms of BPH?
Complications in BPH are rare and may arise only when the mild symptoms are medically unattended.
However, the observed ones are as described below-
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