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What Is Circumcision - Overview

Circumcision refers to surgically removing the skin covering the tip of the penis.

Circumcision is a common procedure for newborn boys, however, it is more complex in case the newborn period is over.

This procedure can be a matter of family tradition, as well as it can be for hygiene and healthcare. For others, it can be unnecessary too.

Note that circumcision will not affect fertility in any way.

Why Is Circumcision Done?

It is done as it carries the following benefits:

Easy Hygiene: Circumcision makes it easier to wash the penis.

Lower risk of urinary tract infections (UTIs): UTIs are more common among uncircumcised males. Furthermore, certain infections early in life can later cause kidney problems. 

Lower risk of sexually transmitted infections (STIs): After circumcision, the risk of STIs may also reduce. However, this does not lessen the need to practice safe sexual practices.

Prevention of Penile Issues: Sometimes, the foreskin of an uncircumcised penis can be impossible to retract (phimosis), causing inflammation.

Lower risk of penile cancer: Lastly, circumcision reduces the risk of cancer of the penis. Although this cancer is rare, it further lessens in the case of circumcised men. Moreover, their female sexual partners have also been found to have a lower risk of cervical cancer.   

Besides phimosis, circumcision can also treat conditions like:

Balanitis: Swelling of the foreskin

Balanopostithis: Inflammation of the penis tip and foreskin

Paraphimosis: Inability to return a retracted foreskin back to its position

Despite these advantages, the risks of being uncircumcised are avoidable with proper care.

When Is Circumcision Not Possible?

It should not be done when blood-clotting disorders are present. It should also not be carried out on premature babies who are still in need of medical care in the hospital nursery, or those who have abnormalities attached to their penis.

Are There Any Risks Of Circumcision?

Besides bleeding and infection, side effects of anesthesia are possible. 

There can be some foreskin issues such as:

  • The foreskin cut too short or too long
  • The foreskin may not heal properly
  • The remaining foreskin may reattach to the penis and need further surgery

How To Prepare For The Procedure?

The doctor explains to you the pros and cons of the procedure and you may be required to provide written consent for the same.

Also Read: Kidney Stones

What Happens During The Procedure?

Circumcision is usually carried out within 10 days of the birth of the newborn. 

  • The child is made to lie back with arms and legs restrained.
  • The penis and surrounding area are cleansed, and an anesthetic is either applied as a cream or injected into the penis base.
  • A clamp or plastic ring is attached to the penis and the foreskin is removed.
  • The penis is covered with an ointment and wrapped loosely with gauze.

The procedure takes about 10 minutes to complete.

How’s It Post-Surgery?

The penis takes 7-10 days to heal. It’ll be sore in the beginning, while the penis will look red, bruised, or swollen. Also, there may be some yellow fluid discharge from the penis tip.

Here are some guidelines:

  • Be careful with your little one and avoid putting pressure on his penis while holding him gently.
  • You can wash the penis as it heals.
  • For newborns, the bandage needs to be changed every time the diaper is changed. Plus, apply petroleum jelly to avoid the penis tip sticking to the diaper.
  • Change the diaper often and ensure that it is loose/not very tight.
  • In case there’s a plastic ring and not a bandage, it’ll fall off on its own after about a week.
  • Once the penis is healed, wash it with soap and water.

Also Read: endopyelotomy

When To Contact The Doctor?

Contact the doctor in case of:

  • Persistent bleeding
  • Foul-smelling drainage from the penis tip
  • Normal urination not resuming within a day of the procedure
  • The plastic ring remains even after two weeks
  • Increased pain
  • Signs of infection such as fever and increased redness or swelling

Recovery In Adults

Avoid strenuous activities for a month of recovery, return to work when comfortable, and try to walk a little more each day. Avoid sexual activity for six weeks and follow all your doctor’s instructions.

Why Choose Medfin?

Surgery can be a daunting aspect, and feeling anxious is absolutely normal. The massive amount of information you can get from the internet may confuse you even more. This is where Medfin can help. Leave us the hefty tasks of finding the best hospital, the finest doctor, and the latest procedure at the lowest costs. Let us take charge while you sit back and focus on your health & recovery. Think surgery! Think Medfin!

Frequently Asked Questions

Medfin offers the latest surgical procedures to ensure that you recover as fast as possible in the least painful way possible.

In the case of healthy newborns, circumcision is not mandatory. However, the family may decide on this process due to various reasons.

One of the most common reasons to perform circumcision is a religious tradition. This is generally observed in Judaism and Islam religion. Other reasons may include,

·       Preference for aesthetic 

·       Personal choice

·       To reduce or lower the risk of certain conditions 

Ideally, circumcision is performed while the newborns are in the hospital. Various trained practitioners such as obstetricians and pediatricians may conduct this surgery.

A consent form is to be signed before performing the process.

For adults and older children, this procedure is generally conducted in the surgery center or the hospital on an outpatient basis. Meaning you might get discharged on the same day. Consent is signed here as well.

Generally, circumcision is performed by an obstetrician, pediatrician, surgeon, family medicine doctor, or urologist. In the case of religious tradition, it is performed by other people who are trained in the procedure.

During the circumcision of a newborn, your son will be laid back by securing his legs and arms. For numbing the penis anesthesia is provided via cream or injection. A plastic ring or special clamp is then attached to the penis, and the removal of the foreskin takes place.

In the next stage, the penis will be covered by applying ointment like petroleum jelly or topical antibiotic and it will be wrapped lightly with gauze. This procedure usually takes 10 minutes.

In older children and adults the same method is used. However, it is carried out under general anesthesia. Recovery might be longer compared to the newborns. Also, complications of risks will be higher.

Generally, healing in the newborns after circumcision takes at least 7 to 10 days. Your doctor will guide you regarding the reduction of discomfort in your baby.

Slight red or bruised penis is normal after the surgery. You will be allowed to wash the penis and alter the dressing with each diaper change. For healing the penis tip you must keep the diaper loose.

In case of following observations post the surgery, consult your child’s doctor immediately,

·       Repetitive fussiness in newborns

·       Increase in pain (in children)

·       Difficulty with urination

·       Fever

·       Foul-smelling elimination of drainage

·       Increased swelling or redness

·       Continuous bleeding

Recovery in adults

Your doctor will give you specific instructions on how to care for your incision and reduce pain in the treated area.

  • To reduce the pain, your doctor will give you instructions and some medications.

  • You can resume your daily activities once you feel comfortable. 

  • Avoid exercise that gives strain such as weight lifting and jogging for at least 4 weeks of post-surgery.

  • Walking will be the best exercise during your recovery phase.

  • Avoid sexual activities for approximately six weeks after the surgery completion. Follow all the instructions given by your doctor.

Consult your doctor if you are observing any of the following,

·       Increase in pain

·       Difficulty urinating

·       Bleeding

·       Certain signs of infection, including fever, swelling, drainage, or increased redness

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The power of Medfin in patients' words


Got to know about them from my friend. They got an appointment for only 299. Once the doctor confirmed that I needed the surgery they got me a fixed cost which included ALL the costs. No extra amounts were charged. Thank you Medfin

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After my consultation with the doctor, MEDFIN representative got me a fixed package cost that included my mothers initial tests, surgery cost. They also gave me stockings free for Rs. 3000 post the surgery. They kept up their promise they made

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Thank you Medfin. They ensured the whole process from selecting a very experienced doctor to offering the latest procedure at a very reasonable price. They also arranged a follow up post my surgery with the doctor to ensure my recovery was on track. Thank you for being there throughout

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