Total Knee Replacement

Total Knee replacement surgery is also known as knee arthroplasty. It is a surgical procedure for resurfacing a damaged knee caused by arthritis. 

Plastic and metal parts are used in this process to cap the bone ends that form the knee joint together with the kneecap. This surgery is advisable for a patient who has severe knee injury or arthritis.

Knee replacement surgery aims to reemerge the knee joint parts that are damaged and cause severe pain. Are you looking for a doctor consultation? 

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Total Knee Replacement cost in Bangalore

Save upto Rs. 57251 on Total Knee Replacement performed by top surgeons across leading hospitals

Without Medfin With Medfin
Consultation Cost Rs. 800 Rs. 299
Diagnostics Rs. 4000 - Rs. 8000 Rs. 3000 - Rs. 5000
Surgery Cost Rs. 240000 - Rs. 280000 Rs. 180000 - Rs. 230000
Estimated Total Rs. 266400 Rs. 209149

About the Surgery

The goal of knee replacement surgery is to resurface the parts of the knee joint that have been damaged and to relieve knee pain that cannot be controlled by other treatments.

 In this surgery, the weight-bearing surfaces of the knee which have been worn out over time are replaced with a prosthesis to alleviate any pain and discomfort it is causing the individual. 

Knee arthroplasty is used to surgically treat conditions affecting the knee bones such as Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid arthritis, or Traumatic arthritis.

  • A full physical examination will be conducted by the doctor to see if the patient is in good health to undertake the surgery. - The patient’s medical history is thoroughly studied so as to avoid any complications arising during or after the surgery.
  • Medications such as blood thinners are advised to be stopped, a week before the surgery is due to take place.
  • The patient is to fast for a minimum of 8 hours before the surgery

Before the actual surgery takes place, the doctor explains the different types of the prosthesis which can be used. There are two types of prostheses that can replace knee bones. They are: 

  • Cemented Prosthesis: The prosthesis is attached to the knee bones using surgical cement.
  • Uncemented Prosthesis: The prosthesis is adjoined to the knee bone using a porous surface. This surface allows the bone to grow and attach itself naturally to the prosthesis.
  • The prosthesis is a combination of 3 major components. These are: 

    • The tibial component: The part of the prosthesis which is to be attached to the shin bone or the lower leg bone.
    • The femoral component: The part of the prosthesis which is to be attached to the end of the thigh bone or the upper leg bone.
    • The patellar component: The part of the prosthesis which is to be attached to the knee cap. 
    • This procedure is usually performed under general anesthesia.
    • The surgical site is disinfected and an incision is made. - The doctor will remove the damaged surfaces of the knee joint and resurface the knee joint with the prosthesis. - The incision will be closed with stitches or surgical staples.
    • A drain may be placed in the incision site to remove the fluid.
    • A sterile bandage or dressing will be applied. 
    • This part of the process mainly involves physical therapy. This is prioritized such that the body is able to adjust to the new prosthesis.
    • The therapy begins with a Continuous Passive Motion machine which moves the knee joint through a range of motions while the patient is confined to their bed.
    • Later, when they are able to start walking the physiotherapist starts with the planned exercises and workouts to help move the joints.

    • Pain killers are usually prescribed by the doctor so as to counter the pain felt during therapy and exercise. - For a better and safer recovery at home, many modifications are to be done to the house. These could be:
      • Raising the toilet seat. 
      • Keeping a shower bench or seat in place. 
      • Attaching proper and grippy handrails to the stairs at home to prevent any injuries from taking place. 

    • Bleeding
    • Infection
    • Blood clots in the legs or lungs.
    • Loosening or wearing out of the prosthesis.
    • Fracture.
    • Continued pain or stiffness

    • Osteoarthritis - a degenerative joint disease that affects mostly middle-aged and older adults, may cause the breakdown of joint cartilage and adjacent bone in the knees. 

    • Rheumatoid arthritis - causes inflammation of the synovial membrane and results in excessive synovial fluid, can lead to pain and stiffness.

    • Traumatic arthritis - injury that may cause damage to the cartilage of the knee.

    Medfin finds you the best surgeons across India

    Dr Tarandeep Singh Gill
    Dr Tarandeep Singh Gill

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    Dr Gaurav Jain
    Dr Gaurav Jain

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    Dr Madhuram Choudry
    Dr Madhuram Choudry

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    Dr Mohan Kumar Cr
    Dr Mohan Kumar Cr

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    Dr Manpal Singh Narula
    Dr Manpal Singh Narula

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    MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics Orthopedist

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    Dr Jai Singh
    Dr Jai Singh

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    Dr Mayur Rabhadiya
    Dr Mayur Rabhadiya

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    Dr Ravi Chandra Vattipalli
    Dr Ravi Chandra Vattipalli

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    Dr M T Khan
    Dr M T Khan

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    Dr Hariharan D R
    Dr Hariharan D R

    Orthopedics

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    Dr Harshavardhan Reddy
    Dr Harshavardhan Reddy

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    Dr Bushu Harna
    Dr Bushu Harna

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    Dr Sharath Kumar Shetty
    Dr Sharath Kumar Shetty

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    Dr Karthick Hunse
    Dr Karthick Hunse

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    Dr Kumaraswamy M
    Dr Kumaraswamy M

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    Dr Sudhakar Thangavel
    Dr Sudhakar Thangavel

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    Dr Ramkumar Ponraj
    Dr Ramkumar Ponraj

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    Orthopaedics

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    Dr Dinesh Mohan Choudary
    Dr Dinesh Mohan Choudary

    Orthopaedics

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    Dr Arun Dua
    Dr Arun Dua

    General Surgeon

    MBBS, MD - Pediatrics Pediatrician, General Physician

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    Dr Rakesh Sera
    Dr Rakesh Sera

    Orthopedics

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    Dr Harjoban Singh
    Dr Harjoban Singh

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    Dr Gopikrishna Reddy G
    Dr Gopikrishna Reddy G

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    MBBS, DNB - Orthopedics

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    Dr M Muthu Sarvana Kumar
    Dr M Muthu Sarvana Kumar

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    Dr Bushan Joseph
    Dr Bushan Joseph

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    Dr N Ragunanthan
    Dr N Ragunanthan

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    Dr Vivian Roshan D Almeida
    Dr Vivian Roshan D Almeida

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    MS - Orthopaedics, MBBS, MRCS (UK) Orthopedist

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    Dr Harramb Mithal
    Dr Harramb Mithal

    Orthopedics

    MBBS, DNB Orthopedics

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    • His career spans over 18 years of Orthopaedic experience with special interest in Advance Arthroscopic Surgery, Sports Injuries, Joint replacement and Complex Trauma.
    • His exposure to sports injuries came from London Olympic Hospital 2012 , exposing to vast amount of complex sports injuries on and after London Olympics 2012 .
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    Dr Sai Krishna B Naidu
    Dr Sai Krishna B Naidu

    Consultant - Trauma and Orthopedics

    MRCS, Dip. SICOT, FRCS(Ortho), MCh(Ortho), Specialist - Joint Replacements & Sports Injuries. Fellowship - Joint Replacements ( London, UK) Advanced Arthroscopy & sports Injuries ( New York, USA)

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    FAQs and Related Articles

    You will be under anaesthesia during the Total knee replacement procedure, so you won't feel any pain. After the surgery, your doctor will prescribe you medications to help you manage the pain.
    You will recover from Total Knee Replacement surgery in stages. Initially, you will be able to walk with the help of crutches. After physiotherapy and rehabilitation, you can return to your normal activities within 6 weeks to 12 weeks.
    Yes, Total Knee Replacement is major surgery. You will take 6 to 12 weeks to recover from total knee replacement surgery.
    There is no standard way of determining when you should have a knee replacement. But if you’re having trouble going about basic daily activities such as walking, getting up from a chair etc, you may be a candidate. A thorough examination by an orthopaedic surgeon should yield a recommendation.
    This will depend on the doctor, if your doctor decides to give you general anaesthesia then you will sleep. Else if he gives you spinal or epidural anaesthesia then you will be awake. Most of the patients are given general anaesthesia.
    Patients will be able to walk with a walker during the time period of 1 to 3 weeks. Then, they will start to use a cane. Around 4 to 8 weeks patients will be able to walk on their own.
    Lifestyle modifications, physiotherapy, medical line of treatment, or PRP could help manage the problem. However, you should consult your surgeon to find out for how long you could continue with these activities until you may need surgery.

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