The progression to an actual Herniated disc varies from slow to sudden onset of symptoms. There are four stages:
(1) disc protrusion
(2) prolapsed disc
(3) disc extrusion
(4) sequestered disc.
Stages 1 and 2 are referred to as incomplete, where 3 and 4 are complete herniations.

About the Surgery

The discs are protective shock-absorbing pads between the bones of the spine (vertebrae).
These discs are round and flat, with a tough, outer layer (annulus) that surrounds a jellylike material called the nucleus.
A herniated disc (also called a bulged, slipped or ruptured) disc is a fragment of the disc nucleus that is pushed out of the annulus, into the spinal canal through a tear or rupture in the annulus.
Discs that become herniated are usually in an early stage of degeneration.Herniated discs are more common in the lower back (lumbar spine), but also occur in the neck (cervical spine).

Discectomy is surgery to remove lumbar (low back) herniated disc material that is pressing on a nerve root or the spinal cord.

Symptoms vary greatly depending on the position of the herniated disc and the size of the herniation.

  • Lower backache
  • Burning, tingling and numbness that radiates from the buttocks into the leg and sometimes into the foot.
  • Difficulty standing or walking
  • Numbness and tingling around the anus or genitals
  • Pain with movement, straining, coughing, or doing leg raises
  • Difficulty controlling bowel movements or bladder function

- A full physical examination will be conducted by the doctor to see if the patient is in good health to undertake the surgery.
- The patient’s medical history is thoroughly studied so as to avoid any complications from arising during or after the surgery.
- Medications such as blood thinners, are advised to be stopped, a week before the surgery is due to take place.
- The patient is required to fast for a minimum of 8 hours before the surgery.

- It is performed through an incision down the center of the back over the area of the herniated disc. During this procedure, a portion of the lamina may be removed.
- A small opening is made between the two vertebrae to gain access to the herniated disc.
- After the disc is removed through a discectomy, the spine may need to be stabilized. Spinal fusion is often performed in conjunction with a laminotomy.

Maintain correct posture when sitting and standing.
Preventing wounds from infection.
Physiotherapy and active guided movement of that area.
Balanced nutritious dense diet.
Maintain a healthy weight.

There is a slight risk of damaging nerves or the spine during surgery.
Infection, and the chance that the surgery may not relieve your symptoms. 

There is a chance that you may get new symptoms in the future.

Medfin finds you the best surgeons across India

  • Dr. Raghav Sunil has over 13 years of overall experience
  • Specializes in Spine surgery
View Profile
Dr Raghav Sunil
Dr Raghav Sunil

Orthopaedic Surgeon

MBBS, MS - Orthopaedics

View Profile
  • Dr. Kiran Chouka has more than 10 Years of Experience in orthopeadic surgeries
  • Expert in Hip Resurfacing Surgery, Minimally Invasive Surgery, Custom-fit Knee Replacement, Uni-Compartmental Knee Replacement, Patello-femoral Replacement.
View Profile
Dr Kiran Chouka
Dr Kiran Chouka

Orthopaedic Surgeon

MBBS, MS (Orthopaedics)

View Profile

Have a Question?

Get answers from Medfin's network of highly experienced doctors.

Get rid of Slip disc or Herniated disc Today

Get your first consultation at just
Rs. 800 Rs. 299

FAQs and Related Articles

Your spine is made up of several bones which are cushioned by discs. When the outer layer of these discs becomes weak or thins, then the inner portion may protrude or slip out leading to herniated or slipped disc.
You can go through surgical or non-surgical treatment. Non-surgical treatments involve, taking rest for a few days, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, physical therapy and epidural steroid injection. And surgical treatment involves microdiscectomy and rehabilitation.
Herniated discs, usually tend to heal itself. If the symptoms persist over time, consult your doctor for surgical treatment option.
One of the symptoms of the slip discs are pain and if your disc is pressing on sciatic nervy then you might feel pain in your legs, buttocks and hips. Sometimes you will feel numbness or tingling in your limps and shoulders if you have a slipped disc.
If you don't get treatment for disc slip, then it might become severe and lead to permanent nerve damage. And in some very rare cases, a slipped disc might end up cutting nerve impulses to the cauda equina nerves in your lower back and legs.
For people who have back pain due to herniated disk or slipped disc, the symptoms often go away within six to eight weeks.

Affordable Surgical Care

No Hidden Costs

Our team will give you a detailed picture of the costs that you will incur as part of your surgery.

All Insurances Accepted

Our team will assist you in processing of your insurance.

Savings & Diagnostics

Get pre-surgery diagnostics at considerably reduced costs.

Save Up

Medfin’s unique model of approaching surgical care helps you save upto 50% on surgery costs.

Why Medfin?

Patient Care
  • Seamless, Hassle-free experience
  • Personal Assistant
  • Team to Process Insurance
  • EMI Facility
Expert Surgeons
  • Experienced in Latest Surgical Procedures (Laser & Laparoscopic)
  • 10+ Years of Surgery Experience
  • 10000+ Surgeries Completed
Latest Technology
  • Equipped with Latest Technology
  • Quick Recovery
  • Vast Network Across India


Thanks to Medfin’s latest surgical procedures and expert doctors, patients have been able to get back to being healthy quicker, while saving money.


Consultations Across 5 Cities


Surgeries Completed


Were Laser & Laparoscopic Surgeries


Excess Hospitalization Days Saved

Rs 1.54Cr

Consultation Costs Saved

Rs 12Cr

Saved on Surgery Costs

Book Now