Piles or Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the anus or lower rectum. The condition is similar to varicose veins.
The symptoms of hemorrhoids are experienced by 50 percent of adults, by the age of 50. It has been difficult to identify the exact cause of hemorrhoids.
Hemorrhoids may develop inside the rectum (internal hemorrhoids) or around the anus (external hemorrhoids).
However, there are plenty of efficient treatment alternatives, allowing people suffering from them to get relief with home remedies and lifestyle modification.
Hemorrhoids are caused by increased pressure in the lower part of the rectum. Under pressure the veins around the anus bulge or swell leading to the formation of hemorrhoids. Factors contributing to increased pressure in the lower rectum are as listed below:
Piles or hemorrhoids can be classified into 3 main types - External piles (external hemorrhoids), Thrombosed piles (Thrombosed hemorrhoids) and Internal piles (Internal hemorrhoids).
External hemorrhoids: These are formed under the skin surrounding the anus and have the following symptoms-
Thrombosed hemorrhoids: A condition in which blood accumulates in external hemorrhoids and coagulates (thromboses); it can lead to:
Internal hemorrhoids: These are formed inside the rectum. They can't be seen or felt and generally do not cause discomfort. However, passing stools can aggravate and cause:
One should visit a doctor should any of the above symptoms show up. However, rectal bleeding is not exclusively because of hemorrhoids. Moreover, other causes such as other diseases, including anal cancer and colorectal cancer should be eliminated.
The diagnoses begin with an evaluation of the symptoms described by the patient. This is followed by a physical examination (digital examination), where the doctor inserts a gloved and lubricated finger in the anus to feel any abnormalities in the internal structure of the rectum.
Based on the stage and the type of piles, the doctor may recommend either medical line of treatment or surgical line of treatment. Medical line of treatment include medication that can be consumed orally or ointments to be applied around the affected area.
Non-surgical treatment for piles:
The doctors may recommend simple home remedies such as:
Surgical treatment for piles:
Only when home remedies fail, the doctors may choose to perform surgical procedures:
Rubber band ligation: The doctor places a rubber band around the hemorrhoid to cut out blood circulation to it. As a result, it shrinks and can be removed. It is a procedure performed by doctors only, and should not be attempted at home.
Sclerotherapy: It is used as an alternative to rubber band ligation when the latter is not an option for the patient. The doctor injects a chemical into the blood vessel, resulting in the shrinking of hemorrhoids.
Hemorrhoidectomy: A minimally invasive surgery, Hemorrhoidectomy is further classified in three types:
At a first glance varicose veins and spider veins are really not that far apart in differences. However, when understood, there are a few noticeable differences between them.Read
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