A fissure condition here refers to anal fissure. A slight tear in the moist, thin tissue lining the anus is termed an anal fissure.
Fissures can happen to anyone, although they are common in infants and even young children, the age where children are prone to constipation.
Less common causes of anal fissures include:
Generally, the doctor diagnoses an anal fissure by a simple examination of the area around the anus. He may also perform a rectal evaluation to confirm the diagnosis.
The doctor introduces an anoscope into the rectum, a thin tube that allows better examination of the anal passage.
Most anal fissures heal using simple home remedies or prescribed medications from the doctor.
But, shall the symptoms not relieve in two weeks of treatment, one must reach out to their doctor for complete diagnoses and medical treatments available.
The doctor may recommend:
To relax the sphincter muscles, a calcium channel blocker ointment, thus allowing the fissure to heal.
Botox injection paralyzes the sphincter muscles temporarily. This prevents spasms in the anus and permits the fissure to heal.
This is a surgical procedure, where the doctor makes a small cut in the anal sphincter. Thereby, relaxing the muscle and letting the fissure cure.
A chronic condition with the recurrent occurrence of anal fissure may need further evaluation for underlying conditions.
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