Varicose veins are swollen, twisted veins that lie just under the skin and usually occur in the legs. Varicose veins are a common condition caused by weak or damaged vein walls and valves.
For some people, varicose veins and spider veins (which is a milder form of varicose veins) may be a simple cosmetic problem, but for others, varicose veins may cause aches and pains in the legs and may also lead to more serious conditions if left untreated.
Varicose veins are formed when the valves in a vein malfunction or are weak. Your veins help return the blood back to your heart for purification.
The blood in your legs has to move up against gravity to reach the heart. Muscle contractions in your lower legs act as pumps, and elastic vein walls help blood return to your heart.
Your veins also have valves that prevent the back-flow of blood. If these valves are weak or damaged, blood can flow backward and pool in the vein, causing the veins to stretch or twist.
There are many reasons or a combination of reasons why your valves malfunction. They are:
Symptoms can be divided into those that you can see and those that you can see and feel.
Symptoms that you can see:
If left untreated, varicose veins can lead to multiple complications such as ulcers, bleeding, or even blood clots.
Ulcers can form near the varicose veins and are characterized by severe discoloration and pain. Some varicose veins that are close to the skin can burst to lead to blood loss.
There are no real methods to completely prevent varicose veins from occurring. However, improving circulation and the muscle tone in the area will help reduce chances. Other lifestyle changes that one can adopt to reduce chances are by:
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