Inguinal Hernia

An inguinal hernia forms in the inguinal canal (left or right) at the base of the abdomen, close to the groin area. They are a result of either fatty or intestinal tissue pushing through a weak region in the abdominal wall. 

 If the hernia formed is small and not causing a lot of discomforts the doctor may recommend observation and ask to wear a truss to support the bulge (to relieve symptoms).

However, if the hernia continues to enlarge and is painful, surgery is the only course of action. 

Are you looking for a doctor consultation? Consult our doctor at Medfin to know your treatment options.

What is an Inguinal Hernia

An inguinal hernia forms in the inguinal canal (left or right) at the base of the abdomen, close to the groin area. They are a result of either fatty or intestinal tissue pushing through a weak region in the abdominal wall.

Many do not seek medical help because it causes no symptoms and is small. However, evaluation by a doctor can help prevent complications in the future.

Types of Inguinal Hernia

Inguinal hernias can be of four types: Indirect or direct, incarcerated or strangulated.

Indirect inguinal hernia: Indirect inguinal hernia, a commonly observed hernia, often has been known to occur in premature births, before the closure of the inguinal canal. 

This type of hernia may also occur at any other point in life. Its formation is mostly observed in males.

Direct inguinal hernia: A direct inguinal hernia is believed to be formed as a result of aging, which is responsible for the weakening of the muscles. 

A direct inguinal hernia is much more predominant in males, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK).

Incarcerated inguinal hernia: A hernia where the bulging tissue cannot be pushed back into its original position is an incarcerated hernia. The tissue gets stuck in the groin area.

Strangulated inguinal hernia: The intestine is an incarcerated hernia and with no blood flow to it, is a strangulated inguinal hernia. It is a serious and life-threatening medical condition. It needs to be treated as a medical emergency. 

Causes of Inguinal Hernia

There is no specific cause for most inguinal hernia. Others could be formed because of the following causes:

  • ​A weak spot in the abdominal wall.
  • Pressure impinging from inside the abdomen.
  • Strenuous urination or bowel movements (e.g. constipation).
  • Strained coughing or frequent sneezing.
  • Frequent vigorous activity.
  • Pregnancy
  • At birth, due to improper closure of the peritoneum (abdominal lining).
  • With ageing, as the muscles weaken.
  • Coughing, due to smoking activity.
  • Obesity
  • Family history with a close relative developing the condition.
  • Low birth weight or premature birth. 
  • Inguinal hernia in childhood predisposes for its development in later years.
  • Cystic fibrosis.

Related Articles

Appendix, Appendicitis and Appendectomy –Commonly Asked Questions


Pilonidal Sinus: Diagnosis, Treatment, Recovery and Prevention


Varicose Veins: Causes, Symptoms, Cure and Prevention

To know what varicose veins are, let us understand how arteries and veins function.


Medfin Stories: Patient Testimonial for PRK Laser eye surgery

Book an appointment at just Rs.199
Call us on


Whatsapp on


Get well in 3 steps

  • Get the right information

    Our expert doctors will help you identify course of surgical treatment required. Medfin's team will help you with the required appointments and diagnostics.

  • Get the right price

    Choose from Medfin's curated network of hospitals & doctors for every budget. Our team will help process your insurance and reimbursement for you.

  • Get better

    Medfin's latest procedures ensure better outcomes and quick recovery.

Medfin offers the latest surgical procedures to ensure that you recover as fast as possible in the least painful way possible. Minimally invasive surgical procedures/treatments� such as laparoscopy, laser & embolization help prevent complications, and improve effectiveness.

Think Surgery, Think Medfin

  • Priority admission and discharge
  • 0% interest EMI
  • Guaranteed best price
  • All insurances accepted
  • Advanced technology
Calls us: 7026-200-200

I have already consulted a doctor,
How can Medfin help?

I have already consulted a doctor

I need more information

Request a call back

If you'd like to know more about our services, you can speak to one of our representatives.

Please fill in the form to proceed with this option

Find us online

Visit our social media pages for more information about us

© Medfin 2019. All Rights Reserved.