Fistula-In-Ano (Anal Fistula)

An anal fistula or fistula-in-ano is nothing but a tunnel formed between an infected gland inside the anal canal or rectum and connecting it to a skin opening on the surface of the skin around the anus.

Laser surgery treatment for fissure is an easy and permanent cure for the disease. The laser treatment does no harm to the skin, reproductive system, internal organs, or genitals of the patient.

What is an anal fistula or fistula-in-ano?

An anal fistula is an infected tract that is formed between the skin and the muscular opening at the end of the anus.

Most anal fistulas arise from infections in the anal gland. This infection causes an abscess that drains continuously through the skin next to the anus. An anal fistula is usually treated through surgery.

What are the causes of anal fistula?

Fistula is formed because of an abscess. If you have an anal abscess, there are good chances that you are prone to developing an anal fistula too.

Fistulas are formed due to certain conditions of the lower digestive or anal track like -

  • Colitis​
  • Chronic diarrhea
  • Crohn's disease
  • Radiation treatment for rectal cancer
  • Tuberculosis
  • Sexually transmitted diseases
  • Ulcerative colitis

When should you consult a doctor?

If you have a history of an abscess or symptoms of fistula, you should not miss these signs and contact your doctor immediately.

  • Fever​
  • Chills
  • Swelling
  • Redness
  • Discharge
  • Bleeding
  • Discharge
  • Constipation
  • Trouble in controlling bowel movements

How to manage an anal fistula?

If you are dealing with a fistula or recovering from a fistula treatment you can undertake the following practices for some comfort.

  • Soaking the area of the fistula in a warm bath 3 or 4 times a day.​
  • Avoiding strenuous activities.
  • Eating fiber-rich diet and drinking plenty of fluids.
  • Using a laxative as recommended by your doctor.

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