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Conventional Vasectomy

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No-scalpel Vasectomy

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Conventional Vasectomy

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No-scalpel Vasectomy

What Is a Vasectomy?

During a vasectomy, the male vas deferentia are cut and tied or sealed so as to prevent sperm from entering into the urethra, thereby preventing fertilization of a female through sexual intercourse. (The vasa deferentia are tubes that carry sperm from the testicles to the urethra, where it mixes with semen)

Vasectomy is a procedure that doesn't provide immediate protection against pregnancy. It is imperative to use an alternative form of birth control until it is confirmed by your doctor that there are no sperm in your semen. 

Also, post-vasectomy, you will need to wait for several months or longer and ejaculate 15 to 20 times or more to clear any sperm from your semen, before indulging in unprotected sex.

Vasectomy won't protect you or your partner from sexually transmitted infections.

Why Is Vasectomy Done?

It is done in men who do not wish to father a child in the future.

  • It’s almost 100% effective in preventing pregnancy.
  • It has a low risk of side effects or complications.
  • It is cheaper than female sterilization or the cost of birth control pills for women in the long run.
  • Also, vasectomy will end the need to take steps for birth control before having sex.

How to Prepare For a Vasectomy?

Preparing for a vasectomy involves a few important steps to ensure the procedure goes smoothly and to facilitate a comfortable recovery. Here are some guidelines on how to prepare for a vasectomy:

  • Consultation with a Urologist: Schedule a consultation with a urologist, who will discuss the procedure, explain the benefits and risks, and address any concerns or questions you may have. 
  • Consideration of Long-Term Birth Control: Discuss the decision with your partner, as a vasectomy is considered a permanent form of contraception. 
  • Medications: Inform your urologist about any medications or supplements you are currently taking, as some may need to be adjusted or temporarily stopped before the procedure. Certain blood-thinning medications, such as aspirin or anticoagulants, may need to be avoided to reduce the risk of excessive bleeding during the procedure.
  • Arrange for Transportation: Since you will likely be given a local anesthetic or sedation during the procedure, it is advisable to arrange for someone to drive you home afterward.
  • Clothing: Wear loose, comfortable clothing on the day of the procedure to ensure ease of movement and to prevent any unnecessary pressure or friction on the surgical area.
  • Personal Hygiene: On the day of the procedure, take a shower or bath and thoroughly clean the genital area to maintain good hygiene.
  • Supportive Underwear: Bring supportive underwear, such as briefs or snug-fitting athletic supporters, to wear after the procedure. These can help provide comfort and support to the surgical site during recovery.
  • Follow Pre-Procedure Instructions: Your urologist will provide specific pre-procedure instructions that you should carefully follow. This may include fasting (avoiding food and drink) for a specified period before the procedure.

By preparing appropriately, you can help ensure a smooth vasectomy procedure and facilitate a comfortable recovery.

What Are The Types Of Vasectomy Procedures?

The two procedures are as follows:

No-Scalpel Procedure

In no-scalpel vasectomy (NSV), a sharp instrument is used to make a small puncture/opening in the scrotum.

Gently through this puncture, the vasa deferentia are pulled out and cut. The cut ends are then sealed, clipped, tied, or stitched. The vasa deferentia are then placed back in the normal position.

The benefits of NSV are it can be done more quickly than a conventional vasectomy and requires no sutures to close up incisions. Though, surgical glue or stitches might be used to seal the openings. A no-scalpel vasectomy therefore also means less pain and bleeding.

Conventional Vasectomy

In a conventional vasectomy surgery, an incision is made in the upper portion of the scrotum to reach the vas deferens. The incision is made on both sides of the scrotum. 

The vasa deferentia are pulled out gently and cut, and either end is clipped, stitched, sealed with heat (cauterizing), or tied. A combination of methods may also be used for sealing the vas deferens. The wound too is closed with surgical glue or stitches.

How is a Vasectomy Performed?

A vasectomy is a surgical procedure that involves the cutting or sealing of the vas deferens, the tubes that carry sperm from the testicles to the urethra. By blocking the vas deferens, sperm cannot mix with semen and therefore cannot fertilize an egg during sexual intercourse. Here is a general overview of how a vasectomy is performed:

  • Anesthesia: The procedure can be performed under local anesthesia with or without sedation, or under general anesthesia, depending on the preference of the patient and the urologist. Local anesthesia numbs the scrotal area, while general anesthesia induces unconsciousness.
  • Accessing the Vas Deferens: The urologist will make one or two small incisions on the scrotum to access the vas deferens. The scrotum is typically cleaned and sterilized before the incisions are made.
  • Isolating and Dividing the Vas Deferens: The vas deferens is gently pulled through the incision(s) and isolated from the surrounding tissues. It is then either cut, tied, or sealed using different techniques. The most common methods include:

      1. Cutting and Tying: The urologist cuts a small section of the vas deferens and ties off each end with sutures or clips. This prevents the two ends from rejoining.

      2.  Cauterization: Heat may be used to seal the ends of the vas deferens. This can be done through a process called cauterization or electrocauterization, which uses an electric current to burn and seal the tubes.

      3. Blocking with Clips or Rings: Small clips or silicone rings may be placed around the vas deferens to block the flow of sperm.

  • Closure of Incisions: The incisions made in the scrotum are closed with dissolvable stitches or adhesive strips.
  • Recovery and Discharge: After the procedure, you may be observed for a short period in a recovery area to ensure there are no immediate complications. If no issues arise, you will be discharged with specific post-operative instructions.

The entire vasectomy procedure typically takes about 30 minutes to an hour, depending on the technique used and individual factors. It is considered a relatively minor surgical procedure with a low risk of complications.

What to Expect After a Vasectomy Surgery?

After undergoing a vasectomy surgery, it's normal to experience some discomfort and changes in the scrotal area. Here's what you can generally expect during the recovery period:

  • Pain and Discomfort: It's common to experience mild to moderate pain, swelling, bruising, and sensitivity in the scrotal area following a vasectomy. This discomfort usually resolves within a few days to a week. 
  • Recovery Time: The recovery period for a vasectomy is relatively short. Most men can resume light activities within a couple of days and return to normal physical work or exercise within a week or two, depending on their comfort level and the nature of their job.
  • Ice Packs: Applying ice packs or cold compresses to the scrotal area for the first 24-48 hours after the surgery can help reduce swelling and alleviate discomfort. It's important to wrap the ice pack in a cloth to avoid direct contact with the skin.
  • Resuming Sexual Activity: It's essential to avoid sexual activity, including ejaculation, for a period specified by your urologist. This timeframe typically ranges from a few days to a week or more. It's important to follow the guidelines provided to allow sufficient time for the vas deferens to heal and clear any remaining sperm from the reproductive system.
  • Follow-Up Semen Analysis: After a few weeks or months, your urologist may request a follow-up semen analysis to confirm the absence of sperm in the ejaculate. It's crucial to continue using alternative methods of contraception until this analysis confirms sterility.
  • Potential Complications: While complications are rare, they can include infection, bleeding, hematoma (a collection of blood), or sperm granuloma (a small lump caused by sperm leakage). Contact your urologist if you experience severe pain, excessive swelling, fever, or any signs of infection.

Remember that individual experiences may vary, and it's important to follow the specific post-operative instructions provided by your urologist.

You should call the doctor right away in the following scenarios:

  • Complications like blood oozing from the surgery site.
  • Running a temperature above 100.4 F.
  • Redness or inflammation at the surgical site
  • Worsening of pain/swelling.

What are the Benefits and Risks of Vasectomy?

Here is an overview of the benefits and risks associated with vasectomy:


  • Highly Effective Contraception: Vasectomy is one of the most effective forms of birth control available, with a success rate of over 99%. Once a vasectomy is performed and confirmed to be successful through a follow-up semen analysis, it provides long-term contraception without the need for ongoing contraceptive measures.
  • Convenience and Simplicity: Once the procedure is done, there is no ongoing maintenance or need to remember to take any medications or use barrier methods. It allows couples to enjoy sexual intimacy without the worry of unintended pregnancy.
  • Cost-Effective: Compared to other forms of contraception, such as long-term use of birth control pills or condoms, a vasectomy can be more cost-effective in the long run. It eliminates the need for ongoing contraceptive expenses.
  • Quick Recovery: Vasectomy is a relatively minor surgical procedure that can be performed as an outpatient procedure, typically taking less than an hour. The recovery period is generally short, and most men can resume their normal activities within 1-2 weeks.


  • Surgical Risks: As with any surgical procedure, there are inherent risks associated with vasectomy, such as bleeding, infection, or adverse reactions to anesthesia. However, these complications are relatively rare.
  • Post-operative Pain and Discomfort: Some degree of pain, swelling, bruising, and discomfort in the scrotal area is common after a vasectomy. However, these symptoms are usually temporary.
  • Failure or Reversal: Although vasectomy is considered a permanent form of contraception, there is a small risk of failure or spontaneous reconnection of the vas deferens. 

It's crucial to have an open and thorough discussion with a qualified healthcare professional to understand the benefits and risks of vasectomy in your specific situation.

Why Choose Medfin?

Surgery can be a daunting aspect, and feeling anxious is absolutely normal. The massive amount of information you can get from the internet may confuse you even more. This is where Medfin can help. Leave us the hefty tasks of finding the best hospital, the finest doctor, and the latest procedure at the lowest costs. Let us take charge while you sit back and focus on your health & recovery. Think surgery! Think Medfin

The power of Medfin in patient’s words


“ Got to know about them from my friend. They got an appointment for only 299. Once the doctor confirmed that I needed the surgery they got me a fixed cost which included ALL the costs. No extra amounts were charged. Thank you Medfin”

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“ After my consultation with the doctor, MEDFIN representative got me a fixed package cost that included my mothers initial tests, surgery cost. They also gave me stockings free for Rs. 3000 post the surgery. They kept up their promise they made”

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“ Thank you Medfin. They ensured the whole process from selecting a very experienced doctor to offering the latest procedure at a very reasonable price. They also arranged a follow up post my surgery with the doctor to ensure my recovery was on track. Thank you for being there throughout”

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