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What is a Hydrocele?

A hydrocele is a condition in which fluid is filled in the scrotum (the sac which holds the testicles), making it swollen. The condition is commonly seen in newborn babies and seldom in adults. It usually occurs on one side but may occur on both sides as well. A hydrocele is not generally painful or harmful, and may not even require any treatment.

What are the Causes of a Hydrocele?

The cause of hydrocele is not known. In adults, it can be a result of infection, inflammation, and trauma to the testicles which can result in fluid accumulation in the sac. Here, inflammation may be a result of infection either in the testicle or in the coiled, small tube at each testicle’s back. 

In newborn babies, it is a result of the failure of the scrotal sac to close and absorb the fluid. Here, the hydroceles can be communicating hydroceles or noncommunicating hydroceles. The former ones are often linked with inguinal hernia.

There are several risk factors associated with having a hydrocele later in life:

  • Infection, which includes a sexually transmitted one.
  • Inflammation or injury within the scrotum.

What Are The Symptoms of a Hydrocele?

Hydroceles usually do not cause pain. The only indication of a hydrocele is a painless swelling of one or both testicles. Adult men may feel heaviness in the scrotum. In some cases, the swelling might be worse in the morning than in the evening.

What Are The Complications of a Hydrocele?

Hydroceles are often not dangerous and will usually not affect your ability to have children. However, it can be troublesome if it is linked with some health issue that can cause serious problems. These problems are:

  • Inguinal hernia: This may lead to health issues that are life-threatening. 
  • Infection/tumor: Either of the two may lead to the testicles producing less sperm or not working as well as usual.

When to See a Doctor?

You should seek immediate medical attention if sudden, severe scrotal pain or swelling develops especially within several hours of an injury to the scrotum. The signs and symptoms can occur with several conditions like blocked blood flow in a twisted testicle.

How is a Hydrocele Diagnosed?

Diagnosis of hydrocele is performed by physical examination by a doctor. If the hydrocele is present, the scrotum would look swollen and would be painless. The doctor won't be able to identify your testicle well because of the fluid in the sac.

During the exam, the doctor might check for tenderness and might shine a light through the scrotum to determine if there is any fluid in the scrotum. If the fluid is present, the scrotum would light up.

He might ask for a blood or urine sample to test for infection. Often the doctor might suggest an ultrasound to check for tumors, hernias, etc.

What Are The Treatment Options For Hydroceles?

If the hydrocele causes no symptoms, one option is simply to leave it alone. You can use support to be more comfortable. If it becomes larger or troublesome, you can always go for surgical treatment in Noida. The surgical treatment for hydrocele is called hydrocelectomy.


Surgical drainage of the fluid inside the sac is done by the means of Hydrocelectomy. The surgery is done under spinal or local anesthesia. A small incision of approx. 1-2 cm is made in the groin region or on the scrotum and the fluid is drained from around the testis. If there is a communication to the canal between the abdominal cavity and the scrotum, then it is sealed. The wound is closed with surgical sutures.

What You should Know About Post-Operative Care

Some patients will go home with a small drain coming out of the surgical site to help remove any fluids from the tissue. The doctor usually will remove it in a day or two. Apart from this, the patient is advised to rest for a week, avoid heavy strenuous activity, keep the wound area clean and dry at all times, attend all regular follow-ups, and take recovery medicines as prescribed by the treating doctor.

Why Choose Medfin?

Surgery can be a daunting aspect, and feeling anxious is absolutely normal. The massive amount of information you can get from the internet may confuse you even more. This is where Medfin can help. Leave us the hefty tasks of finding the best hospital, the finest doctor, and the latest procedure at the lowest costs. Let us take charge while you sit back and focus on your health & recovery. Think surgery! Think Medfin!

Frequently Asked Questions

Medfin offers the latest surgical procedures to ensure that you recover as fast as possible in the least painful way possible.

Normally, it can go away on its own in children. However, in an adult male, it does not resolve on its own and needs surgical treatment.

Left untreated for a long time, a hydrocele can cause serious complications. It can rupture or lead to a hematocele with excessive bleeding in the sac. Or there can be sexual dysfunction, permanent damage to the testis, or testicular atrophy.

Yes, insurance companies do cover hydrocele treatment. And Medfin accepts all insurances.

A urologist or a general surgeon can be consulted for the treatment of hydrocele.

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All your questions answered

does hydrocele cause erectile dysfunction

A hydrocele is not life-threatening and usually disappears on its own. If a hydrocele does not disappear, it can cause erectile dysfunction or the erection may not go naturally. If it’s left untreated, it can also cause inguinal hernia. Hence, if you feel you have any lump in Read more

929 days ago by

Dr. Nagabhushan .

can hydrocele be treated without surgery

Hydrocele generally does not need to be treated with surgery. It is harmless, painless, and disappears without treatment. However, if it’s causing you discomfort or not going away on its own, then you may need surgery.

If you have scrotal swelling or pain around the scrotum, you must Read more

929 days ago by

Dr. Nagabhushan .

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