Hip replacement surgery is the second most common type of joint replacement surgery. It is a surgical treatment option for hip pain which is preferred when all other treatment options have failed to provide relief. In this surgery, the surgeon removes the damaged hip joint or worn-out hip joint and replaces it with an artificial joint (Prosthesis).
Anatomy of the Hip Joint
The hip joint is a ball and socket synovial joint, where the end of one bone is rounded (ball) and fits into a cupped end (socket) of another bone. In a hip joint, the femoral head acts like a ball joint and acetabulum acts as the socket joint.
Causes of Hip Pain
Hip pain may be caused due to various reasons and some of the most common causes are:
- Avascular Necrosis: It is a condition where the bone tissues die due to lack of blood supply. This may result in tiny breaks in the bone. Due to these cracks, the bone may eventually collapse.
- Injury to hip: Some times an injury to the hip may cause hip pain.
- Rheumatoid Arthritis: In some cases, your own immune system attacks your own body’s tissues. As a result, the lining of the joint might get damaged which causes swelling. This eventually causes bone erosion and leads to joint deformity.
Treatment Options for Hip Pain
When you consult a doctor for hip pain, the doctor will suggest treatment options based on the severity of the pain. The treatment options for hip pain are medical management and hip replacement surgery.
When does one need to choose hip replacement surgery?
Consult your orthopaedic surgeon for hip pain. The surgeon will evaluate the severity of your pain and discuss with you whether surgery is the best method to relieve the pain or not. If the hip pain is low or moderate, the surgeon may prefer medical management. In case the pain is severe, the surgeon will prefer a hip replacement surgery.
How do you prepare for a hip replacement surgery?
Once you have taken the decision to undergo a hip replacement surgery, the surgeon will ask you:
- To stop smoking a week prior to surgery as smoking can prolong the recovery period.
- To lose some weight, if you are overweight.
- About the medications you are taking and may suggest you to stop taking some particular medicines.
- To undergo a physical examination in order to see if you are fit for the surgery.
You will be under anaesthesia throughout the procedure which can take a few hours. Once the anaesthesia is administered, the surgeon will make a cut along the side of the hip and expose the hip joint. The damaged cartilage and bone are removed. The artificial joint is attached to the bones with the help of special materials or cement. Then the surgeon removes the surface of the hip bone and attaches the replacement socket part to the hip bone. Once the implants are in place, the surgeon closes the incision. In some cases, the surgeon may place a drain tube to drain the fluid.
After the surgery, you have to follow particular instructions given by the doctor for proper recovery. These post-surgical instructions usually include:
- The patient has to take rest in bed for a few days.
- While in bed, the leg has to be elevated
- The doctor may prescribe medicines to manage the pain.
- The doctor will suggest physiotherapy for 3 weeks to 3 months.
- Exercises to strengthen the hip joint in order to decrease the load on the hip.
Depending on your condition, the doctor may give other instructions, so kindly consult a doctor.
Possible complications of hip replacement surgery
Just like any other surgery, total hip replacement surgery has its own risks. Some of the risks are:
- Blood Clots
- The leg length may vary
- The implant might loosen
Some of the common questions asked about Hip Replacement Surgery are:
FAQ 1. What is the recovery time for a hip replacement surgery?
Ans. You will start recovering from the surgery in stages. Initially, you will need to take bed rest for a few days. Then you have to undergo physiotherapy for 3 weeks to 3 months. After physiotherapy, you have to do exercises to strengthen muscles in order to decrease the load on your hip joints. With proper recovery, you can go back to your normal life.
FAQ 2. How painful is a hip replacement?
Ans. During the surgery, you will be under anesthesia, so you won’t experience any pain. After the surgery, the surgeon will prescribe medicine to manage the pain.
FAQ 3. Is hip replacement a major surgery?
Ans. Yes, hip replacement is a major surgical procedure where the surgeon removes the damaged hip joint or worn-out hip joint and replaces it with an artificial joint.
FAQ 4. How dangerous is hip replacement surgery?
Ans. Hip replacement surgery has few risks and complications, they are:
- Blood clots
- The leg length may vary
- The implant might loosen
FAQ 5. What should you expect after a hip replacement surgery?
Ans. After the surgery, you will have to take rest in bed for a couple of days. Then you will have to go physiotherapy for 3 weeks to 3 months. You must exercise regularly that will help strengthen your muscles around the hips. After proper recovery, you will be able to get back to your regular life.
FAQ 6. Can you walk and climb normally after a hip replacement surgery?
Medfin offers the latest hip replacement surgery. To consult an expert Medfin surgeon near you, please call us on 7026200200. You can also WhatsApp us on 9986828963 (click here to initiate a WhatsApp chat).
To know more, you can also visit https://www.medfin.in/treatment/orthopaedics/hip-replacement