Oophorectomy is a surgical procedure carried out to remove ovaries. Ovaries are part of the women's reproductive system. They are small almond-shaped and situated on either side of the uterus.
Ovaries play a major role in reproduction as they contain eggs and produce hormones to control the menstrual cycle.
When both the ovaries are to be removed the procedure is called bilateral oophorectomy and single ovary removal is called unilateral oophorectomy.
Oophorectomy procedure is also used to treat -
Chronic pelvic pain
Pelvic inflammatory disease
Large ovarian cysts
An oophorectomy can also be accompanied by hysterectomy (removal of the uterus)
Risks that come along with any surgery can also be experienced with Oophorectomy including -
Rupture of a tumor, spreading potentially cancerous cells.
Retention of ovary cells that cause pelvic pain, in premenopausal women.
Inability to get pregnant naturally if both ovaries are removed.
Damage to nearby organs.
Menopause after Oophorectomy
Oophorectomy leads to menopause in women. The estrogen hormone that is generated in the ovaries is no more naturally produced leading to complications like -
Menopause-related symptoms as hot flashes and vaginal dryness.
Decreased desire for sex
Depression or anxiety
The doctor will recommend the patient to stay empty stomach for at least 8-10 hours before the surgery.
Inform the doctor if you are taking certain medications.
It is a minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery in which the surgeon makes a couple of very small incisions in the patient’s abdomen.
Through these incisions, carbon dioxide gas is passed to inflate the abdomen. This process gives a better space and visibility to work in the abdominal region.
A narrow tube with a light camera at one end is inserted into the incision and other incisions carry surgical instruments. The camera helps transmit the abdominal video on the monitor through which the surgeon works.
Once the ovary is removed through the incision, the carbon dioxide gas is released and the incisions are sutured.
Laparoscopic Oophorectomy means less time in hospital and faster recovery.
The patient will be monitored in the recovery room for vital life signs till the anesthesia wears off.
The patient will then be shifted to the hospital room and monitored overnight or might be discharged the same day.
Most of the patients can go home after oophorectomy surgery and won't need to spend the night in the hospital.
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