Thrombectomy for Deep Vein Thrombosis

DVT refers to Deep Vein Thrombosis. It is a condition where there is a formation of a blood clot in a vein, which is located deep inside the body. 

The clot is formed due to the malfunctioning of a valve in the vein that slows the speed of blood flow.Deep vein thrombosis can get dangerous if not treated on time, as the clot can dislodge itself and travel towards the lungs leading to pulmonary embolism. 

Do you want to know the treatment option? Please contact our doctor at Medfin.

Deep Vein Thrombosis cost in Bangalore

Save upto Rs. 55251 on Deep Vein Thrombosis performed by top surgeons across leading hospitals

Without Medfin With Medfin
Consultation Cost Rs. 800 Rs. 299
Diagnostics Rs. 11000 - Rs. 14000 Rs. 7000 - Rs. 8000
Surgery Cost Rs. 120000 - Rs. 160000 Rs. 70000 - Rs. 110000
Estimated Total Rs. 152900 Rs. 97649

Deep Vein Thrombosis cost in Chennai

Save upto Rs. 60251 on Deep Vein Thrombosis performed by top surgeons across leading hospitals

Without Medfin With Medfin
Consultation Cost Rs. 800 Rs. 299
Diagnostics Rs. 11000 - Rs. 14000 Rs. 7000 - Rs. 8000
Surgery Cost Rs. 130000 - Rs. 175000 Rs. 75000 - Rs. 120000
Estimated Total Rs. 165400 Rs. 105149

Deep Vein Thrombosis cost in Hyderabad

Save upto Rs. 56751 on Deep Vein Thrombosis performed by top surgeons across leading hospitals

Without Medfin With Medfin
Consultation Cost Rs. 800 Rs. 299
Diagnostics Rs. 11000 - Rs. 14000 Rs. 7000 - Rs. 8000
Surgery Cost Rs. 125000 - Rs. 165000 Rs. 74000 - Rs. 113000
Estimated Total Rs. 157900 Rs. 101149

Deep Vein Thrombosis cost in Pune

Save upto Rs. 54751 on Deep Vein Thrombosis performed by top surgeons across leading hospitals

Without Medfin With Medfin
Consultation Cost Rs. 800 Rs. 299
Diagnostics Rs. 11000 - Rs. 14000 Rs. 7000 - Rs. 8000
Surgery Cost Rs. 120000 - Rs. 160000 Rs. 71000 - Rs. 110000
Estimated Total Rs. 152900 Rs. 98149

About the Surgery

A Blood clot or thrombosis forms in one or more of the deep veins in your body, usually in your legs. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) can occur without any symptoms. 

Leg pain and swelling are commonly seen. Medical conditions and inactivity after going through physical injuries, confinement to the bed are few major causes of DVT.

Blood clots in your veins can break loose, travel through your bloodstream, and lodge in your lungs, blocking blood flow. This condition is called pulmonary embolism. 

PE is a very serious condition. It can damage the lungs and other organs in the body and cause death. This makes DVT a serious condition that needs medical attention.

Physical examination by a doctor is required to diagnose deep vein thrombosis. Post examination, Depending on how likely you are to have a blood clot, your doctor might suggest tests, including:

  • Ultrasound​
  • Blood Test
  • Venogram
  • CT or MRI scans

Deep vein thrombosis can form if you have certain medical conditions that affect the way your blood circulates or clots. 

Being immobile for a very long time can also cause DVTs, such as after surgery or an accident, or when you're confined to bed.

Risk factors that make you prone to DVT are:
  • Inheriting a blood clotting disorder or DVT​
  • Prolonged bed rest or paralysis
  • Birth control pills (oral contraceptives) or hormone replacement therapy
  • Injury to your veins or surgery
  • Cancer
  • Smoking
  • Being obese

Based on the observations of the doctor and results from the diagnostic tests, the doctor will decide to use a medical line of treatment or a surgical line of treatment to treat DVT. 

Medical Intervention:

Blood thinners: Anticoagulants, also called blood thinners, decrease your blood’s ability to clot. 

This however will not get rid of the existing clot but will prevent the clot from becoming bigger and reduce the risk of forming new clots. 

Clot busters: These are used in more severe cases of deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism. The doctor administers medication that will break the clot. 

The clot busters are administered through an IV line or directly at the clot through a catheter. 

Filters: If you are unable to take blood thinners, then a filter is used to prevent the clot from reaching the lungs if it does get dislodged. 

The filter is placed in a big vein called the vena cava in your abdomen through which the clot would otherwise pass to get to the lungs. Once placed, the filter will block the clot at this point and not let it pass.

Compression stockings: This helps reduces the swelling associated with deep vein thrombosis.

Surgical treatment options for deep vein thrombosis:

If the medical line of treatment fails, then the doctor will have to depend on the surgical line of treatment.

Venous thrombectomy: This is a type of procedure used to remove a clot that has formed inside an artery or veins. 

The surgeon performs this procedure to restore the blood flow through a blocked blood vessel and repair the blood vessel.

 In some cases, a stent may be placed to keep the vessel open enabling blood to flow smoothly.

Symptoms of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) might be related to DVT itself or pulmonary embolism (PE). Only about half of the people who have DVT have signs and symptoms. 

Some people aren't aware of a deep vein clot until they have signs and symptoms of PE. These signs and symptoms occur in the leg affected by the deep vein clot. They include:

  • Swelling of the leg, or along a vein in the leg
  • Pain or tenderness in the leg, which you may feel only when standing or walking
  • Increased warmth in the area of the leg that's swollen or painful
  • Red or discolored skin on the leg

Pulmonary Embolism

Signs and symptoms of PE include:

  • Unexplained shortness of breath
  • Pain with deep breathing
  • Coughing up blood
  • Rapid breathing
  • Fast heart rate
    • Pain in your leg especially towards your calf region​
    • Swelling in your legs
    • Discoloration of skin on your legs
    • A feeling of warmth in the affected leg

    If DVT is left untreated it can lead to many serious complications that could even be life-threatening. There are two main complications of deep vein thrombosis. These are:

    • Pulmonary embolism: The close from your leg is carried by the blood to your lungs causing a blockage. This is a life-threatening situation that is characterized by sudden shortness of breath, chest pain, rapid pulse, coughing blood, etc.
    • Post phlebitic syndrome: Also known as post-thrombotic syndrome. This is characterized by persistent swelling of the legs, skin sores, and pain.

    A few measures to prevent deep vein thrombosis are:

    • Regular exercise which lowers chances of DVT​Avoid sitting still, especially after surgery. 
    • The doctor will advise you to move as much as possible primarily to avoid DVT
    • Watching your weight
    • Eating a healthy, high-fiber diet

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    FAQs and Related Articles

  • Unhealthy binge habits such as regular consumption of processed foods or chain smoking.
  • Sitting or standing in the same position for long periods of time.
  • Patient has a medical condition which causes the blood to clot easier than others.
  • Swelling, usually in one leg
  • Leg pain or tenderness
  • Reddish or bluish skin discoloration
  • Leg warm to touch
  • MOVEMENT: As mentioned before, one of the causes of DVT, is sitting in the same position for a very long time.
  • STAYING HYDRATED AND INTAKE OF MEDICATION (IF ANY): Fluids help a lot in preventing DVT. The lack of water in the body reduces the flow of blood and can lead to a clot formation. Individuals with medical conditions that frequently cause the blood to clot are prescribed blood thinners.
  • COMPRESSION STOCKINGS: They are worn on the legs and work by applying pressure on the legs to help the blood to move up, against gravity, in the veins. This prevents the blood from pooling.
  • The amount and type of exercise that is safe is a decision to make with your doctor, and depends on your physical condition. Walking or swimming are usually considered good choices as exercise.
    Since DVT is usually formed in the legs, sitting for too long causes the red blood cells to clump together and form a clot. An individual is advised to get up and walk or even stretch for a a few minutes every hour.
    A blood thinner is not a prevention technique and is rather a medical treatment. DVT is formed by the blood clotting in the leg. Blood thinners help with easier blood flow, by thinning out the blood and thus preventing DVT.

    Vascular surgeons are highly trained to treat diseases of the vascular system. A vascular surgeon not only performs surgeries but will also prescribe medications and exercises to patients who do not need surgery.

    Vascular diseases are those medical conditions that affect the blood vessel of the body which consist of veins and arteries. When arteries carrying oxygen-rich blood and veins carrying blood back to the heart malfunction, it can affect various other parts of the body. Conditions such as hardening or blockage of the arteries can obstruct the flow of blood to any part of the body. Other vascular problems may be congenital or develop after pregnancy or a health issue.

    We provide surgery, endovascular surgery and non-surgical procedures for an array of vascular conditions. To learn more about the treatments we offer, please see our Vascular Conditions page.

    At Medfin, we are partnered with diagnostic centers that have state-of-the-art non-invasive vascular laboratories which are available for comprehensive diagnostic testing of all arteries and veins in the body (with the exception of the brain and heart). Our partner technologists are all highly trained, very experienced, and experts in the testing they perform.

    You may have to consult with your doctor as it depends on the severity of your disease and the progress of your treatment.

    Mechanical Thrombectomy provides an alternative in which a catheter with a tiny suction at the tip/rotating device, or an ultrasound device is used to break up the clot. Discuss with your doctor for more details on the best option suited for you.

    Thrombolytic agents such as Streptase (streptokinase), Eminase (anistreplase), t-PA (class of drugs), Retavase (reteplase) etc. are used to break the clot.

    Based on the patient, the doctor will choose the most suited option and deliver these via a longer catheter into the blood vessel to guide it directly to the clot.

     

    Thrombolysis is an effective, minimally invasive and safe procedure which helps to improve blood flow and reduce the potential complications. It helps to prevent any more invasive surgery.

    Thrombolysis requires a lesser hospital stay, shows less bleeding and scarring after the procedure as compared to conventional surgery.

     

    People who are at an advanced age, those with pre-existing medical conditions like diabetes or kidney disease, and pregnant women are at higher risk to develop complications.

    It can help to bust the clot present but cannot repair the tissues damaged due to the faulty blood circulation. Further treatment is needed to repair the damaged tissues as well as to identify the cause and eliminate it to prevent a recurrence.



    It usually takes between 2 to 3 hours.





    You may have to consult with your doctor as it depends on the severity of your disease and the status after your surgery.





    Every surgery comes with certain risks and potential complications and one must lookout for any signs of excessive bleeding such as:

    • Blood from the nose or on coughing

    • Unusual bruising or bleeding from cuts or wounds

    • Abnormally heavy menstrual bleeding

    • Blood in urine or stools

    • Stomach pain or swelling 

    • Back pain.





    Deep Vein Thrombosis can be treated using Thrombolysis, Angioplasty and stenting, oral anticoagulants and vena cava filter placement. Sometimes one or more of these are performed in combination with venous thrombectomy to treat the disease.





    Those who are at an advanced age (older than 60), allergic to contrast dye, and have underlying conditions like hypertension, heart or kidney disease are more at higher risk for developing complications.





    Compression bandages applied to the leg help to reduce swelling. The patient may be advised 6 hours after the procedure, to walk for 15 minutes; rest for 45 minutes, and repeat to improve blood flow to the operated area.

    Compression stockings are advised after the leg swelling has subsided (if any). Intravenous heparin is given to prevent blood clots and recover. Physical therapy must be followed as advised by the surgeon.



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