A type of arthritis that occurs when the protective tissue at the ends of bones (Cartilage) wears down slowly and worsens with time. Osteoarthritis is one of the common types of condition arthritis. This condition is seen in millions of people today.
Although osteoarthritis can damage any joint, the most common joint areas are hips, knees, spine, and hands.
Osteoarthritis symptoms can generally be managed, while the damage caused to joints is irreversible. Keeping a healthy body weight, being active, and some medical treatments can slow the progress of the condition and help to improve joint function and pain.
Joint pain in the knees, hips, lower back, neck, and hands is the most common symptom of osteoarthritis. Symptoms may get worse with time. Let us have a look at some common signs of this condition,
Swelling: swelling is caused due inflammation of the soft tissue around the joint.
Pain: pain is felt on the affected joints during or after moving them.
Tenderness: when you apply light pressure to or near the affected area, you may feel tenderness.
Stiffness: on waking up or after being inactive, stiffness of joints may be most noticed.
Bone spurs: - Bone spurs are smooth, hard lumps of extra bone that form on the ends of bones.
Loss of flexibility: you might not be able to move your joint in all directions flexibly.
Grating sensation: you might hear crackling or popping sounds under the skin and joints due to the presence of air in the subcutaneous tissue.
Osteoarthritis is also called wear and tear arthritis disease. It is related to the breakdown of cartilage in joints and it can occur nearly in any joint.
Cartilage is a firm, elastic, flexible type of connective tissue that permits nearly frictionless movement. Gradually, if the cartilage is worn out completely then bone rubbing will cause pain and discomfort. This will affect the entire joint.
Various factors that increase a person's risk of developing osteoarthritis includes-
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