The predominant condition developed in the knee is a swollen knee. A swollen knee is a result of excessive fluid accumulation. The condition also has another name called ‘water on the knee.’ The doctor may refer to it as effusion.
The swollen knee could be a result of an injury, disease or there could be some other underlying condition responsible for it.
Injuries that lead to fluid buildup around the knee are as listed below:
Ligament tear, especially a torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)
Meniscus (cartilage) tear
Overuse related irritation of the knee
Other factors, which make an individual more susceptible to developing a swollen knee, are age, obesity and heavy involvement in sporting activities.
Indicators of the swollen knee include the following traits:
Swelling: The skin covering the knee noticeably bulges. It can be ascertained by comparing with the normal knee of the other leg.
Pain: There may be pain associated with the bulge, such that it is difficult for the patient to bear weight on that leg.
Stiffness: The fluid buildup in the knee prevents the leg from completely extending or bending to its normal capacity.
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