What are the conditions of the knee?

The predominant condition developed in the knee is a swollen knee. A swollen knee is a result of excessive fluid accumulation. The condition also has another name called ‘water on the knee.’ The doctor may refer to it as effusion. 

What are Causes of Knee Condition ?

The swollen knee could be a result of an injury, disease or there could be some other underlying condition responsible for it. 

Injuries that lead to fluid buildup around the knee are as listed below:

  • Ligament tear, especially a torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)

  • Meniscus (cartilage) tear

  • Broken bones 

  • Overuse related irritation of the knee

What are the Diseases and conditions of Knee condition?

  • Infection

  • Gout

  • Pseudogout

  • Rheumatoid arthritis

  • Osteoarthritis

  • Cysts 

  • Bursitis

  • Tumours

Other factors, which make an individual more susceptible to developing a swollen knee, are age, obesity and heavy involvement in sporting activities. 

What are the Symptoms associated with Knee condition?

Indicators of the swollen knee include the following traits:

  • Swelling: The skin covering the knee noticeably bulges. It can be ascertained by comparing with the normal knee of the other leg.

  • Pain: There may be pain associated with the bulge, such that it is difficult for the patient to bear weight on that leg.

  • Stiffness: The fluid buildup in the knee prevents the leg from completely extending or bending to its normal capacity.

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