Cornea related conditions

Corneal disease is a serious condition that can cause clouding, distortion, scarring, and eventually blindness. There are many types of corneal disease. The three major types are keratoconus, Fuchs' endothelial dystrophy, and bullous keratopathy.

Corneal disorders are the triggering factors that range from nutritional deficiency, allergens, infections, trauma, autoimmune disorders, tumors, outgrowths, etc

To diagnose, a patient may require a direct, single-approach treatment modality or a regimen with multiple treatment methods to treat the condition.

Do you want to know the treatment option? Please contact our doctor at Medfin.

What causes Cornea related conditions?

There are various factors that can cause a cornea-related condition.

  • Nutritional deficiency: Especially vitamin A deficiency

  • Allergy: Vernal and atopic keratoconjunctivitis 

  • Infection: Viral keratitis, bacterial, fungal, or even parasitical infections

  • Trauma: Exposure to toxic chemicals or abrasions.

  • Degenerative corneal disease and Dystrophies: Lattice corneal dystrophy, Fuch's dystrophy, or Map-dot-fingerprint dystrophy

  • Autoimmune disorders: Rheumatoid arthritis, Wegener's disease, or lupus

  • Stevens-Johnson syndrome: Rare though, a severe inflammatory reaction to medication or an infection.

  • Growths: Benign (pterygium) or malignant cancerous growth on the surface of the eye.

  • Ectasia (means thinning): Keratoconus, also called thinning of the cornea after refractive laser surgery.

Other factors that can damage the cornea are as follows:

  • Eyelid disorders

  • Dry eye (tear film abnormalities)

  • Glaucoma 

  • Iridocorneal endothelial syndrome, associated with glaucoma

What are the symptoms of Cornea related conditions?

The symptoms indicative of a corneal condition are:

  • Redness of the cornea or it could appear cloudy

  • Stabbing pain in the eye

  • Increased sensitivity to light

  • Tearing could accompany sensitivity

  • Impaired vision (blurred or clouded)

  • Additional symptoms may include, fatigue, nausea, headache

  • Distortion of vision (due to altered curvature of the cornea)

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