Vaginal atrophy is a condition in which the vaginal walls thin, dry or have inflammation from the deficiency of estrogen.
Vaginal atrophy is usually seen in women after menopause.
Women with vaginal atrophy usually have distressing urinary symptoms as well as painful intercourse and therefore these symptoms are termed by doctors as "Genitourinary Syndrome of Menopause (GSM).
Genital burning with urination
Frequent urination with urgency
Light bleeding after intercourse
Shortening and tightening of the vaginal canal.
Decreased vaginal lubrication during sexual activity
Discomfort with intercourse
Recurring urinary tract infections
GSM is caused by estrogen deficiency and the drop in estrogen could be a because-
Perimenopause- on the edge of menopause.
Surgical menopause is a result of the removal of ovaries.
Birth control pills that can restrict estrogen formation.
Cancer radiation therapy of the pelvic region.
Hormonal treatment of breast cancer.
GSM is not common in all women, but a few conditions lead to it like -
Smoking - Smoking reduces oxygen supply in the bloodstream and also to the vagina. It also reduces the estrogen level in the body.
C-Section births – Researches have observed that women who have not given vaginal births are at risk of vaginal atrophy.
No sexual activity - No sexual activity decreases blood flow and makes your vaginal tissues more rigid.
Changes in the acid balance of your vagina causing vaginal infections.
Some women might experience increased frequency or urgency of urination as well as burning sensation during urination.
While some may get a urinary infection or incontinence (urine leakage).
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