How to Diagnose Uterine Fibroids?

Uterine fibroids generally do not appear, but during routine pelvic examination. The irregularities or bulky nature of the uterus might give an indication of fibroids. However, fibroids can be diagnosed by the following procedures-

  • Ultrasound

This procedure makes use of sound waves to take a picture of the uterus from inside through an ultrasound device to scan, map as well as measure fibroids.

  • Lab tests

The doctor might recommend a blood test including CBC to check if the patient is anaemic. In case of abnormal menstrual bleeding these investigations help check bleeding disorders or thyroid problems .

Other imaging testIng case the traditional ultrasound does not help, other procedures can be used to detect fibroids-

  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

The MRI technique gives better visibility and findings in terms of size and location of the tumours. This can further help the doctor decide the type of treatment. MRI technique is mostly suggested in women approaching menopause or with larger uterus.

  • Hysterosalpingography

This procedure makes use of a dye to highlight the uterine cavity and fallopian tubes to map on the x-ray. This procedure is used to check in case of women attempting pregnancy to check if the fallopian tubes are open or blocked due to submucosal fibroids.

  •  Hysteroscopy

This procedure too injects saline water into your uterus for expanding the urethral cavity and then the doctor inserts a small lighted telescope called a hysteroscope to take images of the interiors of the uterine wall as well as opening of the fallopian tubes.

This procedure is usually done in women attempting pregnancy or with women who have heavy menstrual bleeding.

What is the Treatment procedure for Uterine Fibroids?

Though fibroids are non-malignant, they can be overly discomforting due to the heavy menstrual bleeding and heavy weight. 

It is therefore recommended to treat them as they are diagnosed. Fibroids can be treated in various ways depending on the size, location and symptoms they carry. The doctor suggests a treatment depending on your condition.

  • Non-invasive procedure

  • Focused ultrasound surgery

  • Minimally invasive procedures

  • Uterine artery embolization

  • Radiofrequency ablation

  • Laparoscopic or robotic myomectomy

  • Hysteroscopic myomectomy

  • Endometrial ablation

Traditional surgical procedures

  • Abdominal myomectomy

  • Hysterectomy

What are the Risks associated with fibroids?

Fibroids do not pose a risk as they stay dormant most of their cycle, however it might be a concern when a woman wants to conceive.

• Heredity- Fibroids run in the family and if the women in your family that is your mother or sister had fibroids, you are at risk of developing them.

There are other factors that lead to fibroids like –Start of menstruation at an early age-

  • Obesity

  • Vitamin D deficiency.

  • Drinking alcohol, including beer.

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